目的考察高中生预防艾滋病量表的可行性和有效性。方法设计拟定基于健康促进理论的高中生预防艾滋病量表。采用整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市、福建省三明市和广西壮族自治区北海市的12 313名高一学生进行预防艾滋病量表测量,并对其中251名学生进行重复测量,考评其信度和效度。结果高中生预防艾滋病量表的内在信度Cronbach sα系数为0.608~0.916;重测信度考评中Sperman相关系数均>0.7;因子分析显示结构效度较好,15个公因子(包括知识、态度、信念和行为)能解释问卷全部内容的58.381%。结论该研究制定的高中生预防艾滋病量表具有良好的信度和效度,可用于相关研究。
Objective To evaluate the reliability and validity of questionnaire of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome prevention for senior high school students. Methods The questionnaire of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome prevention for senior high school students was designed on the basis of health promotion theory.A total of 12 313 students of grade 1 in senior high schools were selected by cluster random sampling from Shanghai,Sanming of Fujian Province and Beihai of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and survey with the questionnaire was conducted.Two hundred and fifty-one students were retested,and the reliability and validity of the questionnaire were examined. Results Cronbach's α coefficient of the reliability of the questionnaire ranged from 0.608 to 0.916.Spearman correlation coefficients were all higher than 0.7 in the evaluation of test-retest reliability.The construct validity of the questionnaire was good by factor analysis,and 15 common factors including knowledge,attitude,belief and practice could explain 58.381% of the questionnaire. Conclusion The questionnaire of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome prevention for senior high school students designed in this study has favorable reliability and validity,and can be applied in related researches.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University:Medical Science
senior high school student
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome