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黄河古栈道的新发现与初步研究 被引量:6

Newly Discovered Remains of Ancient Cliff Roadway along the Huanghe River
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摘要 【正】 1997年春季至秋季,配合黄河小浪底水库建设工程,山西省的考古工作者对三门峡以东的黄河北岸做了详细的考古勘查,在山西平陆、夏县、垣曲三县沿河一百余里地段内,发现古代黄河栈道遗迹40处,累计长5000余米。栈道依山傍河,时断时续,气势雄伟。栈道上残存的壁孔、底孔、桥槽、历代题记 From the spring to fall of 1997, local archaeologists carried out a careful reconnaissancealong the north bank of the Huanghe River down the Sanmenxia Gorge, in coordinationwith the construction of the Xiaolangdi project. Remains of ancient cliff roadway werefound at forty places on the cliff overlooking the torrents of the river, totaling up to fivethousand meters, during their 50-km tour through three counties, i. e., Pinglu, Xiaxian andYuanqu. The holes carved for poles and planks and other remains were seen here andthere. The inscriptions of the Jianwu reign period of the Eastern Han dynasty provides areliable clue to the date of the roadway.We know from all this that the Huanghe roadway made its debut in the Western Han,became popular in the Eastern Han, reached its acme in the Tang dynasty and went down-hill afterward. The fundamental reason for its construction shared by different periods liesin its relation with the transportation by the Huanghe River, whose large volume, small costand short time established it as the major vehicle for the exchange of grains and othergoods between the eastern and western regions. During the Western and Eastern Han dy-nasties, it assisted in securing a normal life in the capital, in guarding off or cushioning nat-ural catastrophes.
作者 张庆捷 赵瑞民 Zhang Qingjie;Zhao Ruimin
出处 《文物》 CSSCI 北大核心 1998年第8期48-58,共11页 Cultural Relics
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