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阳高许家窑旧石器时代文化遗址 被引量:80

A PALAEOLITHIC SITE AT HS-CHIA-YAO IN YANGKAO COUNTY,SHANSI PROVINCE
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摘要 【正】 一、遗址附近的地质概况1974年,我们在山西省雁北地区进行旧石器时代考古调查时,在阳高县古城公社许家窑村东南1公里的梨益沟西岸的断崖上,发现了这个分布面积相当大而内含遗物又很丰富的古文化遗址。遗址的海拔高程980米,地理坐标为东经113°59′,北纬40°06′,处于大同盆地的东部(图一;图版壹)。 Discovered in the autumu of 1974 by an archaeological team of the Institute ofVertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology,Academia Sinica,the site is situated onthe west bank of the Li-yi-kou,a small tributary of the Sankan River,about one kilo-metre south-east of the village of Hs(?)-chia-yao(Lat.40°06′ N.Long.113°59′ E.)inYangkao County,Shansi and about 60 kilometres east of the City of Tatung.The deposits were found at a depth of 8 metres under the present land surface.Thelateral changes in the lithological characters of the site are rather complex,containinga total of eight distinct layers which are listed stratigraphically in a descending orderas follows: thickness8,Surface soil(?)0.3—0.5 m.7,Yellowish brown sandy soil(erosion surface)(?)3—5 m.Upper pleistocene:6,Yellowish brown sandy clay with broken shells of Struthio,teeth of Coelodontaantiquitatis and bones of Myospalax fontoniori(erosion surface)(?)ca,5m.5,Reddish sandy clay(erosion surface)(?)1—3m.4,Yellowish green sandy clay(?)ca,4m.3,Reddish brown clay(?)0.3m.2,Yellowish green clay with sand and sandy concretions in the upper part.The artifactsand animal fossils are found in this layer(?)ca,5m.1,Greyish blue,greyish green and greyish brown clay(?)4—6m.The vertebrate fossils uncovered from the culture layer include such specimens as theStruthio sp.,Ochotona sp.,Myospalax fontanieri,Microtus brandioides,Coelodonta antiquitatis,Equus Przewalskii,Gazella subgutturosa,Ovis sp.,etc.Among the finds are 598 pieces of worked stones.The materials used are as follows:number of %SpecimenVein quartz(?)190 32.26Flint(?)178 30.22Volcanic rock(?)117 19.86Agate(?)47 7.98Quartzite(?)33(?)5.60Metemophosed limestone(?)22 3.74Silicolites(?)2 0.34In addition,there are 200 pieces of unfinished forms which are not worthy of descrip-tion.Judging by the fossils unearthed,the site apparently went through a period ofmoderate cold phase and probably dates from the beginning of the last glacial age.Theartifacts uncovered suggest that they date from the late plae
作者 贾兰坡 卫奇 Chia Lan-p’o and Wei Ch’i
出处 《考古学报》 1976年第2期97-114,207-212共24页 Acta Archaeologlca Sinica
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