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汉赋祀典与帝国宗教 被引量:3

Sacrificial Rites in Han-fu and Religions of Han Dynasty
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摘要 汉赋的兴盛,与武、宣之世“崇礼官,考文章”相关,汉大赋对“祀典”的诸多描绘,亦缘于汉武帝“定郊祀之礼,祠太一于甘泉……多举司马相如等数十人造为诗赋”之史实。《文选》分赋为15类,首“京都”,次“郊祀”、“耕籍”、“畋猎”,均为大赋创制,其间共有一主轴,即对汉“天子礼”的描绘、颂赞。汉大赋是历史上最早出现的对“天子礼”的形象描述,而赋家对建构帝国宗教的态度,则表现出融宗教神氛于礼教现实的文学精神。 The prosperity of Han-fu is due to the reverence to officers of the sacrificial rites and to the high evaluation of the literary works in the historical period of Emperor Wu and Emperor Xuan of Han Dynasty. Numerous descriptions of the sacrificial rites in Han-fu are also due to the historical fact that, when deciding to practice sacrificial rites, Emperor Wu decreed that such men of letters as Sima Xiangru should create Shi (poetry) and Fu (prose with verse). The Anthology divides Fu into 15 types, of which the most important ones are 'Great Fu' such as 'Capitals' , 'Sacrificial Rites' and ' Hunting' , all focusing mainly on the rites of Emperor. Such works are the first vivid descriptions of the royal rites in history, and the composers'attitudes toward the construction of the religions in Han Dynasty demonstrate the literary spirit of the harmony between religious culture and the rigorous Li (rites) in reality.
作者 许结 XU Jie (Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
机构地区 南京大学中文系
出处 《南京大学学报:哲学.人文科学.社会科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2004年第4期113-121,共9页 Journal of Nanjing University(Philosophy, Humanities and Social Sciences)
关键词 汉赋 祀典 天子礼 帝国宗教 Han-fu sacrificial rites rites of Emperor religions of Han Dynasty
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