Since the beginning of the 21st century, the development trend of the world becoming increasingly information-based, interconnected, marketized, urbanized, pluralistic and risk-affected has brought about profound social changes. As a result, society gets more and more complex and calls for multi-level governance. There have appeared polycentric, multi-layered and multi-dimensional governances, which have changed the existing public governance mode from the perspectives of governing bodies as well as governance structure, system, functions and mechanisms. Improving public governance entails keeping up with the times. Public governance bodies cannot afford to ignore new trends of multi-level governance.
Complexity, multi-governance, polycentric governance, multi-level governance, multi-dimensional governance