This paper starts with reviewing Traditional Location theory and particularly analyzes the changes of location factors under the new background of economic globalization and science & information revolution. Then it puts forward global location factors and explains them one by one. The authors think that there are seven main factors in global location theory, including ①transportation, communication and other infrastructure, ②science and technology, information and qualified personnel, ③economic system and the degree of marketability, ④social environment, ⑤environment, ⑥centralization and decentralization, ⑦geographical situation. On top of the introduction, the paper illuminates briefly the connection within the seven factors, and regards them as an entity with interaction and conditionality. Later the paper makes a probe into the effect that global location does on urban development. The meaning of global location is to press us to set up a series of relative criterions, look for the comparative predominance of urban development and make full use of it, so as to promote urban to find best and feasible way to boost its comprehensively competitive ability. The primary criterions include the following aspects. ①Urban status depends on the energy of its trade, finance, information and technology. ②Urban area should aim to advance its status indvantageous node of world urban network. ④The approaches to realize the aim are to improve its system environment, environment, human environment and to establish predominant industry and so on. Based on this, the paper considers that the process of urban development is the one that a city keeps on looking for synthetically location predominance in the global network of cities, so as to increase its integrative competitive ability. Besides, the authors think that the location selection of MNC confirms what the global location does on urban development. Furthermore, the paper makes a case study of Nantong city of Jiangsu province.
global location theory