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父母对儿童攻击和退缩行为的归因及其与父母情绪反应的关系 预览 被引量:10

Parental Attribution to Children's Aggression and Social Withdrawal
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摘要 目的:探讨中国父母对孩子攻击和退缩行为的归因和情绪反应的特点及其关系.方法:从北京、保定和郑州随机选取287名1岁至8岁儿童的父母,运用故事情境法对这些父母进行访谈.结果:1.父母倾向于认为孩子的攻击行为与退缩行为不同,它是暂时的,而在"天性与环境"归因和目的性方面,这种差异很小.2.父母关于攻击行为持续性的归因与"天性与环境"、目的性的归因的归因之间相关显著,关于退缩行为持续性的归因与关于"天性与环境"的归因相关显著.3.父母对孩子行为的归因与他们对孩子的情绪反应密切相关.他们越倾向于将这种行为归因于与环境有关的、会持续下去的、孩子可以控制的因素,对消极社会行为所产生的消极情绪越强.结论:父母对儿童的攻击行为与退缩行为的归因既有相似之处,又有不同之处,它们都与父母的情绪反应具有密切的关系. Objective:To investigate parents’ causal attributions and their emotional reactions to children’s aggression and social withdrawal Method:287 randomly sampled parents of children aged from 1 to 8 year s old (162 boys, 125 girls) were interviewed about children’s aggression and so cial withdrawal in hypothesized storiesResult:Parents tended t o attribute aggression and social withdrawal to different behavioral continuity, but not in behavioral heritage or intention, they also tended to regard aggressi ve behavior as temporal Significant correlations existed between parental attr i butions to behavioral continuity and to behavioral stability and heritage with r egard to aggressive behavior There was also correlation between the above attr i bution regard to social withdrawal Parental attribution and their emotional re a ction had also associations, the more they thought the behavior was stable, inte ntional and due to the situation, the more negatively they reactedConc l usion:parental attribution of their children’s aggression and social wi thdrawal has some difference, close relationship exist between the attribution a nd their emotional reaction
作者 双赫 谷传华 陈会昌 林思南 包晓波 SHUANG He, GU Chuanhua,CHEN Huichang Institute of Development Psychology, Beiji ng Normal University, Beijing 1000875
出处 《中国心理卫生杂志》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2004年第10期 695-698,共4页 Chinese Mental Health Journal
关键词 行为归因 退缩行为 父母 天性 故事情境 孩子 目的性 情绪反应 儿童 攻击行为 general psychology parental attribution cross-s ectional investigation social withdrawal aggression emotional reaction
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