期刊文献+

使用人类发展指数对中国城乡差距的一种估计 被引量:100

Measuring Rual-Urban Disparity in China by Human Development Index Method
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 本文在收集整理反映我国城乡收入、教育和出生时预期寿命差别数据的基础上,利用UNDP的人类发展指数法计算了按城乡分的收入指数、教育指数和出生时预期寿命指数,并进一步构建了按城乡分的人类发展指数。基本结论是,自20世纪90年代以来,城乡收入差距始终是最大的,而且呈现出整体扩大的趋势;城乡教育差距要小于收入的差距,城乡教育上的差距呈现出整体缩小的趋势,差距扩大主要表现在义务教育以后的阶段;城乡人口出生时预期寿命指数间的差距始终是最小的,然而这个差距却在扩大。 On the basis of collection and compilation of yearly data of income, education and life expectancy at birth by rural and urban, this study calculate three basic dimension indices-the income, education and life expectancy indices, and human development index by rural and urban. Our main results are as following: Since 1990, comparing with other two aspects (education and life expectancy),rural-urban disparity on income is largest, and widens dramatically. Disparity on education is less than that on income, and decreases gradually. Increasing disparity on education is showed in the stage of after compulsory education. Disparity on life expectancy at birth is smallest, but it widens fast.
作者 宋洪远 马永良 Song Hongyuan & Ma Yongliang (Research Center for Rural Economy, Ministry of Agriculture, PRC)
出处 《经济研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2004年第11期4-15,共12页 Economic Research Journal
基金 国家自然科学基金重点项目“农业结构良性调整与农业产业化经营 (70 1330 0 1)”的阶段性成果
关键词 人类发展指数 中国 城乡收入差距 评价指标 生活水平 教育水平 健康状况 Rural-Urban Disparity Human Development Index
  • 相关文献

参考文献9

二级参考文献33

  • 1中国农村宏观经济的监测与分析[J].经济研究参考,1998(30):2-10. 被引量:2
  • 2周其仁.《中国农村改革:国家和所有权关系的变化——一个经济制度变迁史的回顾》[J].《中国社会科学季刊》,1994,. 被引量:2
  • 3Kym Anderson and Yujiro Hayami, The Political Economy of Agricultural Protection, East Asia in International Perspective. Sidney: Allen & Unwin in Association with the Australia-Japan Research Centre, Australian National University, 1956. 被引量:1
  • 4Anne Krueger, Maurice Schiff and Alberto Valdes ( eds. ), The Political Economy of Agricultural Pricing Policy 5 vols , Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991 and 1992. 被引量:1
  • 5Michael Lipton, Why Poor People Stay Poor: Urban Bias in World Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977. 被引量:1
  • 6Robert Bates, Markets and States in Tropical Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981. 被引量:1
  • 7M Olson, The Logic of CoUective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965. 被引量:1
  • 8M. Olson, The Exploitation and Subsidization of Agriculture in the Developing and Developed Countries, paper presented to the 19^th conference of International Association of Agricultural Economists, Malaga, Spain, 1985. 被引量:1
  • 9T W Schuhz (ed.), Distortions of Agricultural Incentives. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978. 被引量:1
  • 10Kym Anderson and Yujiro Hayami, The Political Economy of Agricaltural Protection, East Asia in International Perspective.Sidney: Allen & Unwin in Association with the Australia-Japan Research Centre, Australian National University, 1986. 被引量:1

共引文献396

同被引文献1037

引证文献100

二级引证文献823

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈