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动物性食品中兽药残留水平及膳食安全性评价 预览 被引量:21

RESIDUAL LEVEL OF VETERINARY DRUGS AND ASSESSMENT OF DIETARY RELIABILITY IN ANIMAL DERIVED FOOD
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摘要 目的:了解成都地区动物性食品中兽药残留水平,探讨其污染来源,评价其膳食安全性.方法:采用分层多级整群随机抽样PPS(按容量比例概率抽样)确定,高效液相色谱法测定样品,测定结果依GB16869-2000及最大允许限量(MRL)和日允许摄入量(ADI)评价.结果:氯霉素、呋喃唑酮、喹乙醇、林可霉素、四环素类、磺胺类等18药物均被检出,总阳性检出率为8.387%;残留量最高为21.320(金霉素,猪肝),最低为0.023 mg/kg(磺胺,鸡肉).其中,林可霉素、氯霉素、四环素类阳性检出率分别为8.00%、1.71%和6.857%;其阳性超标率分别为92.86%、100%和73.91%.磺胺类阳性检出率为12.586%;呋喃唑酮检出率为8.849%;喹乙醇检出率为5.309%.其阳性超标率分别为85.71%、90.00%和83.33%;城乡牛肉、鸡肉中林可霉素残留量分别达到MRL10.22倍、12.8倍、12.43倍和28.2倍;城乡猪肉中土霉素、金霉素残留量分别达到MRL的14.58倍、11.3倍、5.4倍和2.4倍;城市牛肉、猪肉、鸡肉中甲氧苄啶残留量分别达到MRL的8.75倍、1.3倍和1.4倍,农村牛肉、猪肉、鸡肉中甲氧苄啶残留量分别达到MRL的3.7倍、6.6倍、4.5倍;城乡猪肉、猪肝中喹乙醇残留量分别达到MRL的6.25倍、0.5倍、8.97倍和4.5倍;林可霉素、四环素、土霉素、金霉素、磺胺二甲嘧啶5种药物膳食摄入量,城乡居民已分别达到相应ADI的15.57%、25.44%、93.49%、30.59%、0.163%、11.72%、22.78、56.78%、21.782%和2.003%,但均未超过ADI值.结论:动物性食品中兽药污染问题较为严重,尤以四环素类、磺胺类药物残留水平较高,需采取相应的控制措施. Objective:To investigate the residual level and polluted source of veterinary drugs in animal derived food in Chengdu,and to assess its dietary reliability.Methods:Investigation points were decided according to probability proportional sampling Probability Proportional to Size(PPS).Samples were detected with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC),results were assessed by using GB16869-2000,Maximum Residue Limit(MRL) and Acceptable Daily Intake(ADI).Results:18 kinds of veterinary drugs such as Linconmycin,Chloramphenicol,Etracychine,Furazotidone Sulfonamids and Olapuindox were detected.Total positive rate was 8.39%;maximum and minimum residual volumes were 21.32 mg/kg(Chlortetracycline in pork liver) and 0.023mg/kg(Sulfanilamide in chicken meat) respectively.Positive rates were 8.00%,1.71% and 6.86% on Lincomycin,Chloramphenicol and Etracycline respectively,ultra-standard rates were 92.86%,100% and 73.91% respectively.Positive rates were 12.59%,8.85% and 5.31% on Sulfanilamide,Furazolidone and Olapuindox respectively,ultra-standard rate were 85.71%,90.00% and 83.33% respectively.The residual volumes of Lincomycin in beef and chicken were 10.22 and 12.8 times of MRL in city,12.43 and 28.2 times in countryside.Oxytetracycline and Chlortetracycline in pork were 14.58 and 11.30 times of MRL in city,5.40 and 2.40 times in countryside.Trimethoprimum in beef,pork and chicken was 8.75,1.30 and 1.40 times of MRL respectively in city and 3.70,6.60 and 4.50 times respectively in countryside.Olapuindox in pork and pork liver was 6.25 and 0.50 times of MRL in city,8.97 and 4.50 times in countryside.Total dietary intakes with Lincomycin Etracycline,Oxytetracycline,Chlortetracycline and Sulfaquinoxaline were below ADI in urban and rural residents.The levels of intakes with Linconmycin etracycline,Oxytetracycline,Chlortetracycline and Sulfaquinoxaline were 15.57%,25.44%,93.49%,30.59%,0.16% ADI in urban residents and 11.72%,22.78%,56.78%,21.78% 2.00% in rural residents respectively.Conclhsipn:Pollution of veterinary drugs ex
作者 侯为道 傅小鲁 杨元 王炼 高玲 王兵 HOU Wei-dao,FU Xiao-lu,YANG Yuan,et al.Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Chengdu,610021.
出处 《现代预防医学》 CAS 2004年第1期 47-49,共3页 Modern Preventive Medicine
基金 四川省卫生厅资助项目
关键词 动物性食品 兽药残留 膳食安全性 抗生素 食品卫生 Food hygiene Animal derived food Antibiotic Sulfonamides Residues veterinary drugs
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  • 1Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods [S]. codex Alimentarius,2001, 3. 被引量:1

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