One seventh of the world energy consumption is from biomass energy and more than 1. 5 billion of the world population still makes use of it as their daily energy consumption. Biomass energy is such a sort of energy which not only carries the characteristics of the fossil fuels, but also can be stored, transported, renewed and converted with less restriction of natural conditions. For instance, it can be converted into useful heat and electrical energy, and various forms of fuel for power generation by ways of burning directly, gasification or liquefaction. Through gasification, it can be converted into high quality combustible gas, mainly CO, H2, CH4. And through anaerobic digestion, it can be converted into biogas, which is a promising technology for biomass gasification. There are four ways to convert it into liquid fuel, namely heat-treated, biochemical, mechanical and chemical.
Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering
Biomass energy Energy value Development and utilization of biomass energy