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高三学生认知方式与焦虑、抑郁的关系研究 被引量:8

Relationship between Cognitive Style and Anxiety,Depression of Senior Middle Students Grade Three
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摘要 目的研究认知方式与焦虑、抑郁的关系.方法用镶嵌图形测验(EFT)、状态-特质焦虑问卷(STAI)、自评抑郁量表(SDS)对273名高三学生进行调查.结果①文、理班高三学生认知方式、焦虑和抑郁之间没有显著差异(P>0.05).②理科班男女生认知方式差异显著(P<0.05),男生更倾向独立.③高三男女生焦虑、抑郁有显著性差异(P<0.05),女生更加焦虑、抑郁.④认知方式与焦虑、抑郁相关较为显著(P<0.01).结论高三学生认知方式与焦虑、抑郁有较密切的关系. Objective To study the relationship between cognitive style and anxiety, depression. Methods EFT, STA! and SDS are used to assess 273 high school students in grade three.Results (1) There is no obvious disparity between art students and science students interms of cognitive style, anxiety and depression (P>0. 05). (2) There is an obvious difference between male and female students as to cognitive style in science class(P<0. 05). Male students are morefield independent.(3) There is an obvious disparity between male and female students as to anxiety and depression (P<0.05). Female studentsare more anxious and depressed. (4) The correlation between cognitive style and anxiety, depression is significant(P<0.01).Conclusion Cognitive style closely relates to anxiety and depression.
作者 宋广文 詹发尚 Song Guangwen, Zhan Fashang. Educational Fac ulty of Qufu Normal University, Qufu, 273165, P.R. China
出处 《中国健康心理学杂志》 2005年第3期175-177,共3页 china journal of health psychology
关键词 认知方式 高三学生 特质焦虑问卷 自评抑郁量表 显著性差异 差异显著 女生 Senior Middle Schooi Students Cognitive style Anxiet y Depression
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