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PICU患儿家属焦虑状况与应对方式的相关性分析 被引量:27

Correlation Analysis of the Anxiety State of the PICU Patients' Parents and the Coping Mode
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摘要 目的探讨儿童重症监护病房(PICU)患儿家属在患儿住院期间焦虑状况及其应对方式的关系.方法采用焦虑自评量表和应对方式量表对72名患儿家长进行问卷调查.结果患儿家属的焦虑水平高于国内常模(P<0.05,P<0.01);PICU患儿家属常采用积极应对方式,较少采用消极应对方式(P<0.01),父亲积极应对评分高于母亲(P<0.05);患儿家属的消极应对方式与焦虑呈正相关(P<0.01).结论 PICU患儿家属存在焦虑情绪,面对应激事件时常采用积极的应对方式,且积极应对方式可缓解其焦虑情绪. Objective To explore the relationship between the anxiety state of the parents while PICU patients were in hospital and the parents' coping mode. Methods Zung's self-rating anxiety scale and coping mode scale were used to investigate the parents of 72 inpatient children. Results The anxiety level of PICU patients' parents was higher than the China norm (P〈0.05, P〈0. 01); The parents of PICU patients often took active coping modes (P〈.001); The father took passive coping modes much less than the mother (P〈0.05); There was a positive correlation between the passive coping mode and the anxiety (P〈0.01). Conclusion The parents of PICU patients have anxiety emotion. They often take an active coping mode, which helps to relax their anxiety emotion.
作者 周凤玲 向国平 ZHOU Fengling,XIANG Guoping // ( Department of Pediatrics, People' s Hospital of Sichuan Province , Chengdu 610072, China )
出处 《护理学杂志:综合版》 2005年第12期 7-9,共3页 Journal of Nursing Science
关键词 儿童重症监护病房 家属 焦虑 应对方式 pediatric intensive care unit parents anxiety coping mode
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