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基于景观生态学基本理论的生物多样性研究 预览 被引量:10

Biodiversity Research Based on the Basic Theories in Landscape Ecology
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摘要 生物多样性是人类生存和发展的物质基础,但由于人口激增、环境恶化和人类的强烈干扰等原因使其大量丧失.这严重威胁着社会的可持续发展。因此,对它的研究引起了国内外的重视,成为社会关注的热点之一。新兴的景观生态学的生命力就在于直接涉足人类课题,其理论和应用已经深入到生物多样性研究中。在分析了近30年来景观生态学和生物多样性研究关系的基础上,探讨了基于景观生态学的生物多样性研究动态,并根据其保护需求和研究趋势,提出了在景观生态学理论和方法指导下生物多样性保护的有益建议。 Biodiversity functions as the base of development of human, however, decreased greatly due to population explosion, environment worse, human disturbance intensively, and so on, which also endangered the sustainable development of our society. So biodiversity, as one of social hot spots, had been paid more attention at home and abroad. The life-force of new landscape ecology lied in setting foot on anthropologic key topics directly. Based on the analysis of relationship between landscape ecology and biodiversity research, we made a discussion on biodiversity research according to such landscape ecology theories as patch-corrldor-matrix, structure and function, landscape heterogeneity, disturbance and stability, ecotone and edge effect rule, etc. Finally, research trends and dynamics were posed according to demands of biodiversity conservation.
作者 杨德伟 陈治谏 陈友军 王贺一 YANG De-wei, CHEN Zhi-jian, CHEN You-jun, WANG He-yi (1. Institute of Mountainous Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China ; 2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China ; 3. Urban and Resources Department, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China; 4. School of Life Science in Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
出处 《地域研究与开发》 CSSCI 北大核心 2006年第1期 111-115,124,共6页 Areal Research and Development
基金 中科院知识创新项目(KZCX2-316) 国务院三建委办公室万县生态环境实验站项目(SX2001-021)
关键词 景观生态学 生物多样性 保护 可持续发展 landscape ecology biodiversity preservation sustainable development
作者简介 杨德伟(1978-),男,山东泰安人,在凄硕士,主要从事山地生态环境、区域可持续发展等方面的研究,(E—mail)dweiyang@21cn.com。
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