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血管缺氧再灌注损伤时超氧化物自由基过氧化氢分布的电镜细胞… 预览 被引量:3

CYTOCHEMICAL LOCALIZATION OF SUPEROXIDE FREE RADICAL HYDROGEN PEROXIDE IN HYPOXIA-REPERFUSED VESSELS
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摘要 用电镜细胞化学方法,从形态上研究超氧化物自由基的分布。经5、10、20min缺氧灌注和含CeCl3的富氧液再灌注10min的 颈总动脉为样品。结果发现,缺氧时间越长,内皮细胞超微结构改变逐渐明显,甚至脱落。内皮的腔面有电子致密笺出现,缺氧时间越长,致密层越厚。用Q520图像分析仪测量内皮单位长度沉积物的面积,三个时间组分别为150.3±11.4、165.6±9.8%和203.5±6.8nm^2/n The electron microscopic cytochemical method, using CeCl3 as a capture agent to from electron - dense products of Ce - H2O2 complex, was adapted to localize ultrastructurally H2O2 produced by endotheelial cells of vessels afters hypoxia - reperfusion. Rats were perfused via their left ventricle by hypoxia buffer for 5, 10, and 20min respectively followed by 10min reperfusion wiith oxygenated buffer containing CeCl3. The ultrastructure alteration in endothelial cells of a common carotid artery was found to be more serious when the hypoxia duration was getting longer. After 20min hypoxia perfusion, the endothelial cells even dropped away from the endothelium. At the same time, the eelectron dense precipitate appeared on the luminal face of endotheial cells. The longer hypoxia lasted, the thicker precipitate formed. The area/length ratio (nm2/nm) of the precipitate was assessed by imaging analyzer. The precipitate were 150. 3±11. 4, 165. 6±9. 8 and 203. 5±6. 8nm2/nm(n = 5) respectively in 5, 10 and 20min group. The differences betweeen 20min and 5, 10min groups were very significant (P <0. 01), and the signficant difference between 5min and 10min group was also showed (P<0. 05). No precipitate appeared when CeCl3 did not be added in the reperfusion buffer. When catalase was added into perfusion buffers, the precipitate was decreased apparently or almost disappeared. Electron microscopic x- ray microanalysis of the endothelial electron dense precipitate revealed three characteristic peaks of Ce, indicating the presence of Ce. In connection with that catalase eliminated significantly the precipitate, it indicated that the precipitate was formed by H2O2 and Ce .This method may provide a new way to localize peroxide free radicals at the ultrastructural level.
作者 周武雄 顾玉东 Zhou Wuxiong; Zhong Cisheng(Department of Biophysics, Shanghai Medical University, Shanghai, 200032)Gu Yudong(Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical University, Shanghai, 200040)
出处 《生物物理学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 1996年第4期 696-702,共7页 Acta Biophysica Sinica
基金 国家自然科学基金,华东分析测试中心测试基金
关键词 血管缺氧 再灌注损伤 超氧化物自由基 过氧化氢 Hypoxia - reperfusion H_2O_2 CeCl_3 Vascular endothelial cell Electron cytochemistry
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