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多重连接依赖式探针扩增和变性高效液相色谱法检测Duchenne型肌营养不良症患者DMD基因的缺失/重复突变 预览 被引量:13

Identification of Deletion/duplication Mutations in DMD Gene by Multiple Ligation Probe Amplification and Denaturing High-performance Liquid Chromatography
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摘要 目的比较多重连接依赖式探针扩增法(MLPA)和变性高效液相色谱法(DHPLC)检测Duchenne型肌营养不良症(DMD)患者DMD基因缺失/重复突变的效果。方法选择2004年10月-2005年10月在我院确诊的22位无关DMD男性患者,采用MLPA法对经DHPLC技术检测过的患者的DMD基因的缺失/重复突变进行突变筛查,同时对先证者的23位女性亲属进行基因的缺失/重复突变检测。结果DHPLC技术和MLPA法均检测出11位先证者具有DMD基因缺失突变,3位先证者具有DMD重复突变;MLPA法除能更精确地检测出上述突变外,还检测出DHPLC法未检测出的两位患者的DMD基因存在缺失突变。16个家系中18位可能的女性携带者中,12位经检测为缺失/重复突变携带者。两种方法均未检测到6位先证者及其女性亲属DMD基因具有缺失/重复突变。结论与DHPLC法和传统的多重PCR方法相比,MLPA法检测DMD基因的缺失/重复突变位置更为准确。MLPA法可用于检测先证者及家系中女性携带者DMD基因的缺失/重复突变。 Objective To compare the effectiveness of using multiple ligation probe amplification (MLPA) and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) in screening the exon deletions and duplications of the DMD gene. Methods MLPA technique was applied to detect exon deletions and duplications previously confirmed by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC). Resets From October 2004 to October 2005,22 unrelated DMD probands and their possible female relatives with clinical diagnosis with dystrophinopathy at our hospital entered this study. Both DHPLC and MPLA detected DMD gene depltions in 11 probands and DMD duplications in 3 probands. MLPA detected deletions and duplications in 2 probands, which were not detected by DHPLC. MLPA also successfully identified the carriage status of the potential female carriers of the probands. Conclusion Compared with DHPLC and traditional PCR techniques, MLPA is a superior tool to analyze the deletions and duplications in affected males as well as in the identification of the carriage status of potential females carriers.
作者 申本昌 张成 孙筱放 李少英 SHEN Ben-chang , ZHANG Cheng, SUN Xiao-fang , LI Shao-ying ( 1. Department of Medical Genetics and Cell Biology, School of Basic Science, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510182, China ;2. Department of Neurology, Center for Stem Cells Biology and Tissue Engineering, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China; 3. Department of Gynecology, Third Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510150, China )
出处 《中国医学科学院学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2007年第1期 83-86,共4页 Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
基金 国家自然科学基金(30370510)、卫生部临床重点项目基金(2001321)、高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(200330558058)、中国博士后科学基金(2005037172)和广东省自然科学基金(5300783)
关键词 DUCHENNE肌营养不良症 多重连接依赖式探针扩增法 变性高效液相色谱法 DMD基因缺失/重复突变 Duchenne muscular dystrophy multiple ligation probe amplification denaturing high performance liquid chromatography deletion/duplication mutation
作者简介 通信作者:张成电话/传真:020-87332387,电子邮件:czym@gzsums.edu.cn
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