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我国11个城市变应性鼻炎自报患病率调查 被引量:343

Self-reported prevalence of allergic rhinitis in eleven cities in China
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摘要 目的建立变应性鼻炎在人群中患病状况的电话调查方法,获得我国11个中心城市的变应性鼻炎白报患病率。方法2004年9月至2005年5月,通过目录辅助下随机数字拨号法,在2个直辖市(北京、上海)和9个省会城市(长春、长沙、杭州、广州、南京、沈阳、武汉、乌鲁木齐和西安)进行电话号码抽样,同时设计变应性鼻炎电话调查问卷,然后分别在相应城市进行电话访问。结果①抽取有效局向号码684个,拨打电话119319个,成功访问38203人,白报变应性鼻炎患者4253人。②未经校正的11个城市变应性鼻炎白报患病率依次为:西安8.0%、长春9.0%、北京9.7%、杭州10.2%、上海10.9%、南京11.5%、长沙12.0%、广州13.2%、沈阳14.1%、武汉16.2%和乌鲁木齐21.4%。③经性别校正后的变应性鼻炎白报患病率依次为:西安8.5%、长春9.0%、北京9.5%、杭州10.0%、上海10.8%、南京12.0%、长沙12.2%、广州13.3%、沈阳14.1%、武汉15.9%和乌鲁木齐21.3%。④经年龄校正后的变应性鼻炎白报患病率依次为:北京8.7%、杭州8.9%、西安9.1%、长春11.2%、南京13.3%、上海13.6%、广州14.1%、沈阳15.7%、长沙16.1%、武汉19.3%和乌鲁木齐24.1%。结论初步了解我国11个城市变应性鼻炎的流行病学情况,为以后变应性鼻炎的防治工作提供了参考。 Objective The aim of this study is to investigate the self-reported prevalence and other epidemiological characteristics of allergic rhinitis from 11 cities throughout the mainland of China. Methods Telephone interviews were conducted in the two main municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai ) and eight capital cities ( Changsha, Changchun, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Shenyang, Wuhan, Urumqi and Xi'an) of main provinces throughout the mainland of China after sampling target phone numbers by the approach of random digital dialing (RDD) via computer. Results In total, the survey had sampled 684 blocks of telephone numbers in 11 cities, and dialed 119 319 telephone numbers. Of the 38 203 respondents, 4253 subjects reported allergic rhinitis, while the other 33 950 were screened negative in the telephone interviews. The self-reported prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lowest in Xi' an (8.0%), and highest in Urumqi (21.4%), with Nanjing having intermediate value ( 11.5% ). The gender-adjusted prevalence ranged from 8.5% in Xi'an to 21.3% in Urumqi, while the age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported allergic rhinitis ranged from 8.7% in Beijing to 24. 1% in Urumqi. Conclusions The study demonstrates that the self-reported prevalence of allergic rhinitis in 11 cities throughout the mainland of China has wide variations, and the strategy of prevention for allergic rhinitis should be conducted according to the epidemic features of it.
作者 韩德民 张罗 黄丹 武阳丰 董震 许庚 孔维佳 暴继敏 周兵 汪审清 王德辉 王秋萍 HAN De-min, ZHANG Luo, HUANG Dan, WU Yang-feng, DONG Zhen, XU Geng, KONG Wei-jia, BAO Ji-min, ZHOU Bing, WANG Shen-qing, WANG De-hui, WANG Qiu-ping (Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Belling Tongren Hospital of Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing Institute of Otorhinolaryngology , Beijing100730 , China)
出处 《中华耳鼻咽喉头颈外科杂志》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2007年第5期 378-384,共7页 Chinese JOurnal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
基金 科技部“十五”国家科技攻关计划(2004BA720A19-01)
关键词 鼻炎 变应性 患病率 流行病学研究 Rhinitis, allergic Prevalence Epidemiologic studies
作者简介 通讯作者:张罗,Email:luozhang@trhos.com
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