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转化酶和己糖激酶调控草莓聚合果内糖积累 预览 被引量:14

The Control of Sugar Accumulation within Strawberry Aggregate Fruit by Invertase and Hexokinase
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摘要 以设施栽培的草莓品种‘枥乙女'为试材,用高效液相色谱法分析了果实发育进程中草莓聚合果内不同部位糖含量及相关酶活性的变化。果实成熟过程中草莓聚合果果顶部分含糖量高,中间部位次之,果柄端最低。转化酶活性呈现与糖含量相似的梯度变化。己糖激酶和果糖激酶则表现出与糖梯度相反的变化。上述结果表明,聚合果顶端转化酶活性高,有利于形成蔗糖梯度,从而促进光合产物向果顶端转移;聚合果近果柄端的己糖代谢酶活性高,促进果柄端的己糖消耗,导致果柄端相对低的糖含量。 The glucose, fructose and sucrose contents and the activities of invertase, sucrose synthase (SS), sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS), hexokinase (HXK) and fructokinase (FRK) of ‘Tochiotome' strawberry aggregate fruit were analyzed at various stages of fruit development. The sugar accumulation exhibited the difference be- tween various parts of the fruit. The sugar content is the highest in the top part of ripe ‘Tochiotome' strawberry aggregate fruit, followed by the central part, and the basal part was the lowest (Fig.l). Changes in activity of invertase corresponded to the changes of sugar concentration gradient within various parts of the ripe strawberry aggregate fruit (Fig.2). The SS and SPS activities within various parts of aggregate fruit did not showed obvious change that corresponded to the sugar content (Figs. 3,4). At the stage of fruit maturation, the HXK and FRK activities within various parts of strawberry aggregate fruit, however, exhibited an opposite gradient to sugar content (Fig.5). The basal part of aggregate fruit had the highest activities of HXK and FRK, while the top part had the lowestactivities. These results suggested that the higher activity of invertase in the top part of aggregate fruit may play a role for rapid cleavage of sucrose and help to form a sucrose gradient in apoplastic space from the basal part to the top part of strawberry aggregate fruit, thus enhance photosynthate translocation from the basal part to the top part of aggregate fruit, which led to higher sugar accumulation in the top part of fruit. In the basal part of aggregate fruit, the higher activities of hexosemetabolizing enzymes may promote the consump- tion of hexose, and thus resulted in the lowering of sugar content in the basal part than in the top part of strawberry aggregate fruit.
作者 谢鸣 陈俊伟 秦巧平 蒋桂华 孙崇波 张慧琴 徐红霞 XIE Ming, CHEN Jun-Wei, QIN Qiao-Pin, JIANG Gui-Hua, SUN Chong-Bo, ZHANG Hui-Qin, XU Hong-Xia (Institute of Horticulture, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, China)
出处 《植物生理与分子生物学学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2007年第3期 213-218,共6页 Journal Of Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(No.30370998)和浙江省自然科学基金项目(No.302391)资助.
关键词 草莓聚合果 转化酶 果糖激酶 己糖激酶 糖梯度 糖积累 strawberry aggregate fruit invertase fructokinase hexokinase sugar gradient sugar accumulation
作者简介 通讯作者(E-mail:chenjunwe@tom.com;Tel:0571-86405569)。
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参考文献19

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