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老年卧床患者侧卧30°与侧卧90°预防压疮效果的对比 预览 被引量:14

Lateral Decubitus with 30 Degree and 90 Degree Angle in Prevention of Bedsore in Elderly Patients.A Comparative Study
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摘要 目的分析比较老年卧床患者侧卧30°与侧卧90°预防压疮的效果,以找出适合老年患者的侧卧方式。方法选择10例长期卧床的高龄患者,分别观察侧卧30°和侧卧90°的卧位2h后皮肤发红部位及面积。结果侧卧30°共99次,侧卧90°共100次。侧卧90°皮肤受压发红部位数及发红面积数均大于侧卧30°(P〈0.05)。结论侧卧30°预防压疮的效果优于侧卧90°。 Objective To compare the effectiveness of lateral decubitus at 30 degree and 90 degree, in attempt to search for a suitable decubitus position for the elderly patients. Methods Ten bedridden elderly patients were placed at 30° and 90° lateral decubitus for 2 h and the area and location red skin were observed. Results The times of 30 degree and 90 degree decubitus were 99 and 100, respectively. The sites and areas of red skin were significantly more for 90 degree decubitus than for 30 degree decubitus( P 〈0.05). Conclusion Decubitus at 30 degree is better than at 90 degree in prevention of the decubital necrosis.
作者 王志燕 乔慧 杨晶 孙玉梅 WANG Zhi-yan , QIAO Hui , YANG Jing ,SUN Yu-mei (1. Department of Respiratory Science, PLA General Hospital,Beijing 100853, China; 2. College of Nursing, Peiking University,Beijing 100083, China)
出处 《解放军护理杂志》 2007年第11B期 18-19,37,共3页 Nursing Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army
关键词 压疮 侧卧 老年 预防 decubital necrosis lateral decubitus elderly patients prevention
作者简介 王志燕(1977-),女,山西昔阳县人,护师,本科,主要从事呼吸内科临床护理工作
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