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社交焦虑障碍流行病学特征与治疗方法的研究现状 预览 被引量:7

Epidemiologic characteristics and therapy of social anxiety
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摘要 目的:认识社交焦虑障碍流行病学特征及治疗方法的研究现状,并提出对此类研究的展望和进一步思考,以利于探索社交焦虑障碍的形成机制和提供有效的干预措施。资料来源:检索1994—01/2007—02中国期刊网数据库有关社交焦虑障碍的文章,检索词为“社交焦虑,社交恐怖症,流行病学,治疗”,限定语言种类为中文;同时检索1994—01/2007~02 Proqeuest Medical Library相关文章,检索词为“social anxiety,social phobia。epidemiology,therapy”,限定语言种类为英语。资料选择:对资料进行初审,选取符合要求的文献,并查找全文。纳人标准:①有关社交焦虑障碍的流行特征的研究原著。②有关社交焦虑障碍相关因素的研究原著。③有关社交焦虑障碍干预措施的研究原著。排除标准为:重复研究和分析类文章。资料提炼:共收集到关于社交焦虑(社交恐怖症)相关研究的文献124篇,纳入21篇,排除103篇。资料综合:国外对于社交焦虑障碍的研究已经比较系统而深入,可以看到不同国家无论是流行病学特征还是临床特点上都有着一定的差异,这些差异的产生与不同调查方法有关,也与当地的文化背景差异相关。国内社交焦虑障碍的研究刚刚起步,其发病率尚不十分清楚。国内外学者通过实验研究已证明认知行为团体治疗对社交焦虑障碍有较好的治疗效果,但国内研究多为参照国外方法应用,没考虑到由于文化背景不同,会导致症状特点和治疗对象的特质均有所差异,从而影响疗效。结论:对于社交焦虑障碍尚需通过深入了解国内社交焦虑障碍发病现状及临床特点,分析与社交焦虑障碍形成和发展的有关因素,进一步探索社交焦虑障碍的病理心理机制,同时具体分析其中各治疗要素的具体作用及适用性。 OBJECTIVE:To introduce the epidemiologic characteristics and therapy method of social anxiety, and put forward the prospect and advanced consideration of these researches, that will explore the social anxiety mechanism and provide effective intervention measure. DATA SOURCES: China Journal Net Database was searched to identify the articles about social anxiety published from January 1994 to February 2007, with the searching words of "social anxiety, social phobia, epidemiology, therapy", and language was limited to Chinese. Meanwhile, the correlative English articles were retrieved in Proquest Medical Library from January 1994 to February 2007, with the searching words of "social anxiety, social phobia, epidemiology, therapy". STUDY SELECTION: After the initial screening survey on all the data, the literatures according with the criteria were chose, looking for the entire article. Including standard: (1)Odginal article about epidemiologic characteristics of social anxiety; (2)Odginal article about influencing factor of social anxiety; (3)Original article about intervention measure of social anxiety. Excluding standard: Article on repeated research and analysis. DATA EXTRACTION: Totally 124 pieces of researches on social anxiety (social phobia) were collected, 21 of them were included where other 103 ones were deleted. DATA SYNTHESIS: There are systemic and advanced researches on social anxiety abroad, different countries have differentia on both epidemiologic characteristics and clinic features. The advent of these differences refers to different research methods and different culture backgrounds. The domestic researches are at the beginning of social anxiety study, appearing unclear incidence. The scholars from other countries have drawn a conclusion on "cognitive behavioral group therapy makes the preferable curative effect on social anxiety". We always follow the methods overseas and ignore culture background difference, resulting in different symptom and specialty of
作者 李敬阳 葛鲁嘉 Li JY, Ge LJ.(1Department of Psychology, First Hospital;2Philosophy and Social Sciences College, Jilin University, Chengchun 130021, Jilin Province. China)
出处 《中国组织工程研究与临床康复》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2007年第52期 10644-10647,共4页 Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research
作者简介 李敬阳.女,1968年生,吉林省吉林市人,汉族,吉林大学在读博士,副教授,主要从事心身疾病及焦虑障碍的研究。psylijy@sohu.com
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参考文献21

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