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广州市2003-2006年乙型脑炎疫情监测结果分析 预览 被引量:14

Analysis of Encephalitis B Epidemic in Guangzhou City from 2003 to 2006
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摘要 目的分析广州市2003-2006年乙型脑炎流行情况,为乙型脑炎预防控制提供依据。方法收集广州市2003-2006年的乙型脑炎疑似病例血清545份,用ELISA法检测乙型脑炎IgM抗体。结果共测出乙型脑炎抗体阳性28例,病例多分布在城乡结合部,其中增城7例占25%,天河6例占21.43%,番禺5例占17.86%,花都3例占10.71%,黄埔2例占7.14%,白云2例占7.14%,从化2例占7.14%,芳村1例占3.57%。病例年龄以15岁以下儿童居多,占总数的92.86%。结论建立乙脑监测系统,对重点高发地区的≤15岁以下儿童开展乙脑疫苗预防接种。 Objective To analyze the occurrence of epidemic encephalitis B in Guangzhou city from 2003 to 2006, and to provide the evidence for the prevention and control of epidemic encephalitis B. Methods Serum samples from 545 suspected encephalitis B cases were collected, and IgM were detected with ELISA method. Results 28 cases were positive for encephalitis B IgM. Positive samples were mainly collected from the regions between the city and the county areas, in which 7 cases (25%) in Zencheng district, 6 cases (21.43%) in Tianhe district, 5 cases (17.86%) in Panyu district, 3 cases (10.71%) in Huadu district, 2 cases (7.14%) in Huangpu district, 2 cases (7.14%) in Baiyun district, 2 cases (7.14%) in Conghua district, and 1 cases (3.57%) in Fangchun district. 92.86% of the positive samples were obtained from patients under 15 years old. Conclusion Preventive measures should be implemented to reduce the incidence of encephalitis B. These include the establishment of a surveillance system, strengthening of the laboratory diagnosis, and vaccination of children under age 15.
作者 张伟 吴新伟 李向忠 狄飚 谭慧峰 鲁恩洁 何丽娟 ZHANG Wei, WU Xin-wei, LI Xiang-zhong, DI Biao, TAN Hui-feng, LU En-jie, HE Li-juan ( Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou 510080, China)
出处 《热带医学杂志》 CAS 2008年第3期 272-273,共2页 Journal Of Tropical Medicine
基金 广州市医药卫生科技项目(No.2007-YB-227).
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 血清学检测 epidemic encephalitis B serological detection
作者简介 张伟(1955-),女,主管技师,主要从事计划免疫防治工作。
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