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基于改进核心法的合作博弈在供应链中的应用 预览 被引量:8

Application of Cooperative Games Based on Improved Core Metiod in Supply Chain
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摘要 针对供应链的特点,以博弈论为工具分析了供应链上节点企业成员的行为,由此建立供应链节点企业间的非零和动态合作博弈模型.接着介绍了博弈模型中求解的两种常用方法即Shapley值法和核心法,文中特别针对核心法的不足,提出了改进的核心法,同时对采用改进的核心法所求解结果作为收益分配方案的合理性和稳定性进行了论证,以此形成在供应链中建立联盟公积金制度的理论基础.最后举例进行了分析说明。其研究结果在供应链的管理应用中应该具有一定的实用价值。 Based on some features of supply chain, game theory is used for analyzing the behavior of nodal enterprises in supply chain, and the model of non-zero-sum cooperative and dynamic games is established. Then, the two commonly used methods for the solutions in game model, namely the Shapley value method and the core method are discussed, and the core method is improved because of its shortcomings by introducing a subsidy variable. Model solution obtained by the improved core method may be used as the criterion of payoff allocation for nodal enterprises. It is also proved that the improved core solution is reasonable and sustainable. Furthermore, accumulative fund system in supply chain is proposed in order to sustain the longterm cooperation. So the work of this paper should be useful in supply chain.
作者 杨继君 许维胜 吴启迪 韩传峰 YANG Ji-jun , XU Wei-sheng, WU Qi-di , HAN Chuan-feng(1. Tong Ji University School of Economics & Management,Shanghai 201804,China; 2. Tong Ji University School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Shanghai 201804, China)
出处 《工业工程与管理》 2008年第4期 15-18,37,共5页 Industrial Engineering and Management
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(70640007)
关键词 改进核心法 补偿变量 公积金制度 非零和动态合作博弈 博弈建模 improved core method subsidy variable accumulative fund system no-zero-sum cooperative and dynamic games game modeling
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