Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of japanese encephalitis （JE） in Meizhou city and to provide the scientific basis for the control and prevention of JE, Methods Descriptive epidemiology and ELISA were used to examine and analyze the occurrence of JE in Meizhou city from 2003 to 2007. Results 93 cases of JE were reported in Meizhou city. The peak of JE epidemic was in June.The age of patients was in the range of 8- month-old to 13-year-old, and most of the infected patients were 6 to 10-year-old.64 cases were noted in Wuhua county （68.82%）. High fever, drowsiness, coma, convulsions and cone damage were the major clinical symptoms. The disease was frequently misdiagnosed as other viral encephalitis. JE IgM antibody detection rate was 48.33%. Conclusion Epidemic of JE was peaked at June in Meizhou city. Patients with viral encephalitis in the epidemic areas or in the epidemic season should be tested for JE IgM antibody. Immunization of children below 10-year-old may reduce the incidence of JE.
Journal Of Tropical Medicine