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不同林龄杨树农田防护林土壤微生物生物量碳、氮和微生物活性 被引量:25

Soil microbial biomass and activity in relation to stand age of poplar shelterbelts
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摘要 以辽宁省建平县5、10、15和20年生4个林龄的杨树农田防护林为对象,以农田作为对照,研究了农田营造防护林对土壤微生物生物量碳、氮及微生物活性的影响.结果表明:农田营造防护林后,0~15cm层土壤有机碳、全氮、微生物生物量碳、氮含量和土壤基础呼吸均呈现出先降低后升高的趋势,在造林20年后达到或超过未造林农田的水平;而代谢熵在造林5年后显著增加,然后随着林龄的增加而降低.上述结果表明,农田营造杨树防护林后,土壤微生物生物量和活性均发生了明显的变化. Taking 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20 years old poplar (Populus cv. "N 3016") shelterbelts in Jianping County, Liaoning Province as test objects, the effects of establishing shelterbelts on the farmland soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen, and microbial activity were evaluated. After the establishment of shelterbelts, the concentrations of organic carbon and total nitrogen, the microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen, and the basal respiration in 0-15 cm soil layer increased after an initial decrease, being reached or exceeded the levels of the control after 20 years afforestation. The metabolic quotient increased significantly after 5 years afforestation, but decreased with increasing stand age. All the results suggested that under the effects of shelterbelt establishment, farmland soil microbial biomass and activity had obvious change.
作者 毛瑢 崔强 赵琼 艾桂艳 李禄军 曾德慧 MAO Rong, CUI Qiang, ZHAO Qiong, AI Gui-yan, LI Lu-jun, ZENG De-hui (1Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China ; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China ; 3 College of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China)
出处 《应用生态学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2009年第9期2079-2084,共6页 Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology
基金 +国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAD03A05)和国家自然科学基金项目(30800887)资助.
关键词 代谢熵 农田造林 土地覆被 土壤有机碳 微生物熵 metabolic quotient farmland afforestation land cover soil organic carbon soil mi- crobial quotient.
作者简介 毛瑢,男,1981年生,博士研究生.主要从事农林复合系统种间关系与土壤质量研究.E—mail:maowng23@163.com 通讯作者.E-mail:xiayuliao8201@126.com
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