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江苏省2008年疑似预防接种异常反应监测数据的分析评价 预览 被引量:22

Analysis and evaluation on the surveillance data of adverse events following immunization in 2008 in Jiangsu Province
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摘要 采用描述性流行病学方法对江苏省2008年疑似预防接种异常反应(Adverse event following immunization,AEFI)监测数据及网络直报系统运转情况进行分析和评价。共收集到AEFI报告个案6197例,其中疫苗引起的反应占98.97%,偶合症占0.95%,不明原因占0.02%,待定占0.06%。临床诊断分布是以发热、局部红肿和局部硬结等一般反应为多见,其次为异常反应中的过敏性皮疹,无菌性脓肿。全省AEFI网络直报系统运行正常,各项考核指标均完成得较好。采用统一的AEFI分类与临床诊断病例定义,通过网络直报系统的三级审核,报告的数据质量有了很大的提高。监测结果显示,全省免疫规划疫苗安全性与预防接种服务质量良好。 To evaluate the operation status of the adverse events following immunization(AEFI) surveillance system in Jiangsu Province in 2008.The description epidemiological methods were used in this study.6197 AEFI cases reported in 2008 were collected.The cases reaction were classified into vaccine reaction,its incidente is 98.97%,and coincidental,unknown and pending cases account for 0.95%,0.02% and 0.06%,respectively.Fever,absces in injection site and Dant's scleroma are dominant clinical reaction of AEFI cases.The incidence rates of allergia rash and sterile abscess is rather higher than orthers.The operation status of AEFI Surveillance System is normal and the indicators are matched the requirements of MOH.Benefiting from the introduction of the standardized AEFI classification,case definition and direct network report,the data quality is being improved step by step.The safety of NIP vaccines and the quality of immunization services is satisfactory.
作者 张晋琳 汪志国 马福宝 ZHANG Jin-lin,WANG Zhi-guo,MA Fu-bao(Jiangsu Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Nanjing 210009,China)
出处 《微生物学免疫学进展》 2010年第1期 40-45,共6页 Progress In Microbiology and Immunology
关键词 预防接种异常反应 发生率监测 Adverse events following immunization Surveillanc
作者简介 张晋琳(1956-),女,主任技师,主要从事预防接种异常反应监测与处置工作。
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