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130名独生子女心理健康状况及父母养育方式分析 预览 被引量:6

Analysis of 130 Only -childMentalHealth Status and Parenting Style
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摘要 目的:了解心理门诊就诊的独生子女心理健康状况及父母养育方式,为心理健康教育提供依据。方法:采用症状自评量表(SCL一90)和父母养育方式评价量表(EMBU)对130名心理门诊就诊的独生子女进行测试。结果:就诊的独生子女的SCL一90症状总均分及各因子分明显高于SCL一90常模(P〈0.01)差异具有统计学意义;父母养育方式因子分:父母温暖理解(FF,、MF,)、父亲过度保护(FF。)显著低于EMBU常模(P〈0.01);父母严厉惩罚(FF2、MF4)、过度干涉(FF3、MF:)、拒绝否认(FF5、MF3)显著高于EMBU常模(P〈0.01)差异具有统计学意义。结论:独生子女心理健康及父母养育方式在一定程度上存在问题,心理工作者应有针对性地进行健康教育。 Ohje cal health status and etive:To determine the psychological outpatient clinic of purpose only -child psychologiparents raise the way, for mental health education provides the basis. Method:Using symptoms self rating scale (SCL - 90) and parenting style evaluation questionnaire (EMBU) were administered to 130 psychological outpatient clinic of only child tested. Results Seeking the only child SCL - 90 symptoms and factors that points total ponder motive significantly higher than SCL - 90 norm (P 〈 O. 01 ) was significant difference ; Parenting style factor points : parents warm understanding (FFl , MF1 ) father overprotection (EMBU norm significantly below FF6 ) (P 〈0.01 ), Parents to severely punish (FF2, MF4 ), excessive intervention ( FF3, MF2 ) to deny FF5, MF3 ) ( EMBU norm significantly higher than that (P 〈0.01 ) . Conclusions The psychological outpatient clinic of only child mental health and parental rearing patterns in a certain extent existence question, psychological workers should be focused on health education.
作者 纪香萍 齐爱丽 王平 Jl Xiang - ping, QI Ai - li , WANG - ping Fourth People's Hospital, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830002
出处 《新疆医学》 2012年第1期 16-18,共3页 Xinjiang Medical Journal
关键词 独生子女 心理健康 父母养育方式 only child mental health Parents raise the way
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