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梅州市2003~2011年流行性乙型脑炎流行病学分析 被引量:3

Epidemiological analysis of Japanese encephalitis B in Meizhou City in 2003-2011
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摘要 目的分析梅州市乙型脑炎流行特征,为乙型脑炎预防控制工作提供科学依据。方法采用描述性流行病学调查、ELISA检测方法对梅州市2003~2011年乙脑病例检测和分析。结果 2003~2011年梅州市五华等6县区共发生乙脑病例102例。流行高峰为6月份。最小年龄8个月,最大年龄13岁,以6~10岁(59.80%)为多见。发病地区以五华县68例(66.67%)为主。临床表现以高热、嗜睡、昏迷、抽搐和锥体受损为主。结论梅州市乙脑发病呈高度散发(除2003年外),有严格的季节性和年龄特征,儿童对乙脑无免疫力是引起发病的根本原因,乙脑疫苗的及时接种是预防乙脑发病的最有效办法。 Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics of Japanese encephalitis(JE)B in Meizhou city and provide the scientific basis for control and prevention of JE.Methods Descriptive epidemiology and ELISA were used to examine and analyze JE cases in Meizhou city in 2003-2011.Results 102 JE cases were reported in Meizhou City from 2003 to 2007 and the epidemic peak of JE was in June.The youngest case was 8 month-old,the oldest one was 13 year-old and most of cases were in the age group of from 6 to 10 year old(59.80%).68 cases were in Wuhua county(66.67%).Clinical symptoms were high fever,drowsiness,coma,convulsions and cone damage.Conclusion The JE infection in Meizhou was highly sporadic(except 2003)with strictly seasonal and age features.Without immunity to JE in children is the main cause for the infection and timely vaccination of JE vaccine is the most effective way of preventing JE outbreak.
作者 刘雅姬 肖胜传 林立新 张玮 LIU Ya-ji,XIAO Sheng-chuan,LIN Li-xin,et al.(Meizhou Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Meizhou 514071,Guangdong,P.R.China)
出处 《中国热带医学》 CAS 2012年第6期740-741,共2页 China Tropical Medicine
关键词 流行性乙型脑炎 流行病学 分析 Japanese encephalitis(JE)B Epidemiology Analysis
作者简介 刘雅姬(1970~),女,本科,副主任医师,主要研究方向:疫苗针对传染病预防与控制。
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