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西双版纳古茶树资源调查 预览 被引量:9

Resources Status and Conservation Strategy of Ancient Tea Plant in Xishnangbanna
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摘要 采用线路调查和样地调查相结合的方法,对西双版纳州境内的古茶树进行逐片、逐株全面系统的调查研究,分析了古茶树资源种类、树龄、数量、分布情况和生长状况。结果表明,西双版纳州现存古茶树资源总面积5494.1hm^2,分布于全州18个乡,59个村;古茶树分属3个茶系、7个种和变种;古茶树树龄在1000a以上的有2株,500-1000a的有7株,300-499a的有13株,其余树龄多为100-299a;92.55%的古茶树长势表现健壮,7.45%的古茶树长势较差和濒死。根据调查结果,初步建立了古茶树资源档案,讨论了西双版纳地区古茶树资源面临的生存危机和濒危原因,并对古茶树资源的保护与管理提出了一些建议。 The ancient tea plants were investigated in Xishuangbanna area by routine survey and sampling survey, the species, tree-age, quantity, distribution and growing of ancient tea plants were analyzed, and the archives were built. The results showed that ancient tea plants distributed at 18 townships, 59 villages, and existing areas of 5494.1 hm^2, and it belonged to 3 sevens, 7 species and varieties. There were 2 individuals of ancient tea plants with tree age more than 1000 a, the individual number with tree age of 500 - 1000 a, 300 -499 a was 7 and 13, respectively, the others in 100 -299 years old. Among these ancient tea plants, 92.55 % are growing well or generally, 7.45 % are growing poorly and dying. According to these investigation results, the survival crisis and endangered reasons of ancient tea plants were discussed in Xishuangbanna area, and some suggestions about management and conservation of ancient tea plants were put forward.
作者 罗向前 李思颖 王家金 陈啸云 梁名志 周玉忠 蒋会兵 LUO Xiang-qian, LI Si-yiag , WANG Jia-jin, CHEN Xiao-yun, LIANG Ming-zhi ,ZHOU Yu-zhong , JIANG Hui-hing (Tea Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yunnan Menghai 666201, China)
出处 《西南农业学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2013年第1期46-51,共6页 Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences
基金 云南省重点档案抢救与保护项目 国家自然科学基金项目(31160175) 农业部保种项目(NB2011-2130135-01)
关键词 西双版纳州 古茶树资源 现状调查 保护对策 Xishuangbanna city Ancient tea plant Conservation Protection measures
作者简介 罗向前(1964-),男,云南石屏人,助理研究员,从事茶叶研究与管理工作 并列第一作者,E-mail:ynnylxq@163.com. 为通讯作者,E—mail:jhbl19@126.com。
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