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江苏省扩大国家免疫规划疫苗接种率调查分析 预览 被引量:15

Analysis of national expanded immunization coverage survey in Jiangsu Province
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摘要 目的了解江苏省适龄儿童扩大国家免疫规划(NIP)疫苗接种情况。方法通过江苏省儿童预防接种信息系统,对全省各县(市、区)1~2岁儿童进行随机抽样,调查NIP疫苗接种率。结果江苏省儿童NIP疫苗基础免疫接种率均〉99%,BCG、HepB3、OPV3、DTaP3、MCVl合格接种率均〉98%,DTP4、MCV2、MPV—A2、HepA免疫接种率分别为98.58%、99.53%、99.41%、98.78%。苏北地区儿童HepB3、OPV3、MPV—A1、JEV1、DTP4、MPV—A2、HepA的接种率均低于苏南、苏中地区,差异均有统计学意义(x2=6.96~42.59,P%0.017)。流(迁)人儿童NIP疫苗基础免疫接种率、BCG、HepB3、OPV3、DTaP3、MCVl合格接种率、12~23月龄内应接种疫苗接种率均低于常住儿童,差异均有统计学意义(x2=7.84~159.66,P〈0.05)。结论江苏省内适龄儿童的NIP疫苗免疫接种率均处于较高水平,但仍存在地区间和人群间差异。 Objective To understand the immunization status of children vaccinated by national expanded program on immu nization (NIP) in Jiangsu Province. Methods Random sampling method was used to choose children aged from 1 to 2 years old in all counties in Jiangsu province in child immunization registration information system . NIP coverage were investigated. Results Primary NIP coverage for target children were all 99%, the qualified coverage of BCG, HepB3, OPV3, DTaP3, MCV1 were all 〉98%, the coverage of DTP4, MCV2, MPV-A2, HepA were 98.58%, 99.53%, 99.41%, 98.78% respec tively. The coverage of HepB3, OPV3, MPV-A1, JEV1, DTP4, MPV-A2, HepA in the northern part of Jiangsu were all significant lower than those in the southern and central part of Jiangsu, (x2 = 6.96-42.59, P〉0. 017). For floating children , the primary coverage , the qualified coverage of BCG, HepB3, OPV3, DTaP3, MCV1 and immunization coverage of target children from 12 to 23 months old were lower than those of local children, the differences are all statistically significant (X2= 7.84-- 159.66,P%0.05). Conclusion The NIP coverage in Jiangsu province is on a high level. However, there are differ- ences among different regions and "target groups.
作者 于静 马福宝 汪志国 叶珣 YU Jing , MA Fu-bao, WANG Zhi-guo, YE Xun Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210009, China
出处 《江苏预防医学》 CAS 2013年第5期26-28,共3页 Jiangsu Journal of Preventive Medicine
关键词 扩大国家免疫规划 接种率 儿童预防接种信息系统 the national expanded program on immunization (NIP) ,vaccination coverage child immunization registrationinformation system
作者简介 于静(1982--),女,新疆哈密市人,医师,硕士,主要从事免疫规划工作。
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