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人为的课程与为人的课程 预览

The Curriculum by People and the Curriculum for People
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摘要 课程的基本属性是人为性与为人性。人为的课程显现的是课程建构的目标、实施、推进的基本路向,彰显着人为了人的发展而在课程方面所做出的努力:汲取文化精华,凝聚人类经验,囊括多方智慧,进行文化选择,提供学习指南;为人的课程显现的是课程解构的目标、策略、手段的生命过程,彰显着人为了人的理解与认识水平提高而做出的努力:问题不断生成,智慧不断拓展,天性不断开拓,发展不断升华。无论是课程的人为性还是为人性皆是服务于人的共同体的,都是人在生活世界中的生命涌动的映照。 Whether it is a curriculum by people or for people is an essential attribute of curriculum. The curriculum by people emphasizes the goal of curriculum construction, implementation, and the directions of development. It highlights the efforts made by people in curriculum design and implementation for the purpose of the development human being. The efforts include: absorbing the essence of culture, accumulating human experiences, assimilating multiple wisdoms, choosing culture, and providing learning guidance. While, the curriculum for people emphasizes the life process in deconstructing the curriculum goal, strategy, and means. It highlights the efforts made by people to improve their understanding and cognition, which include the continual generation of problems, expansion of wisdom, exploration into nature, and furtherance of development. Both the curricula by people and for people are at the service of human community, and are the reflection of human life.
作者 张定强 ZHANG Ding-qiang (Research Center for the Education Development of Minorities, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730070, PRC)
出处 《当代教育与文化》 2013年第5期63-67,共5页
基金 全国教育科学“十一五”规划教育部重点课题(DMA090344)的阶段性成果 国家社科基金西部项目(09XMZ056)阶段性成果
关键词 课程 为人性 人为性 建构 解构 curriculum~ by People~ for People construction~ deconstruction
作者简介 张定强(1963一),男,甘肃天水人,西北师范大学西北少数民族教育发展研究中心研究员,教育学博士,主要从事课程与教学理论、教师教育研究
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