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广西2008—2012年流行性乙型脑炎流行特征及防控效果 被引量:7

Effect of prevention and control and Epidemiological characteristics of Japanese B encephalitis in Guangxi from 2008 to 2012
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摘要 摘要:目的分析广西2008~2012年流行性乙型脑炎(简称乙脑)的流行特征,评价乙脑防控措施效果,为制定今后的防治对策提供依据。方法对2008~2012年乙脑疫情数据、采取的防控措施和效果进行描述性分析。结果2008~2012年广西共报告乙脑病例430例,死亡18例,报告发病率为0.11—0.28/10万,死亡率为0.00~0.01/10万,病死率为0.00%~5.88%。每年仍以5。8月份为流行季节,以儿童发病为主,主要是10岁以下儿童,占总发病数的90.23%。近5年来广西乙脑主要防控措施:一是2008年乙脑疫苗实施扩大免疫后,广大适龄儿童乙脑疫苗接种得到进一步的加强;二是每年对预测甄别出的重点地区开展乙脑疫苗应急接种或查漏补种为主的防治措施;三是加强乙脑相关病例的监测和报告,尤其以加强乙脑实验室监测工作为重点。与前5年(2003~2007年)相比发病总数下降了67.77%。结论在加强乙脑常规免疫接种和监测基础上,每年继续对重点地区预测甄别并落实乙脑疫苗应急接种或查漏补种对控制乙脑流行的效果显著。 Abstract:Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of Japanese B encephalitis (JE)in Guangxi from 2008 to 2012. Methods The data concerning the prevention and control of JE from 2008 to 2012 were collected and analyzed. Results The total number of JE eases were 430 with 18 death,the incidence rate reported was 0.11/100 , 000-0.28/100 , 000 , mortality rate was 0.00/100,000-0.01/100,000,and fatality rate was 0.00%-5.88%.The peak seasons of JE was from May to August,most of the eases were under the age of 10 years,occupying 90.23% in total. The main measures for JE prevention and control during the recent five years in Gangxi included:First, the vaccinum of JE was began to bring into the immunization program management after 2008 ,The school-age children of JE vaccination was further strengthened;Secend, predicted and identified the main areas for emergency vaccination of JE;Third,Strengthened the surveillance of JE,espeeially the lab,s work. the cases of JE have fallen by 67.77% compared to that of 2003-2007. Conclusions Through strengthening the routine immunization and surveillance of JE,Continue to predict and identify the main areas for emergency vaccination or revaceination in each year,remarkable achievements have been made in prevention and control of JE.
作者 陈世毅 钟革 刘魏 邓丽丽 杨仁聪 杜进发 黄影 邓秋云 甘明 董爱虎 CHEN Shi-yi,ZHONG-Oe,LIU-Wei,et al.( Guangxi Zhuang Autonomic Region Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Nanning 530028, Guangxi,P. R. China)
出处 《中国热带医学》 CAS 2013年第10期1248-1249,1254共3页 China Tropical Medicine
关键词 关键词 乙脑 流行特征 防控措施 Key words :Japanese B encephalitis Epidemiological characteristics Measures of prevention and control
作者简介 通讯作者:E—mail:158381700@qq.com
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