The historical significance of Deng Xiaoping and his theories consists in his design and construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The traditional socialism representative of former Soviet Union Model, was designed according to Karl Marx and Fredelick Engles＇ thoughts on socialism. Although the traditional socialism once played an important role, it also has its serious problems. Therefore, it needs to be reformed. Deng Xiaoping based his reform and opening up on three theo- ries, i.e. the primary stage of socialism, the basic contradictions of socialist society, and peace and development as the theme of international community. Deng Xiaoping＇s theories on how to construct socialism with Chinese characteristics mark a mile- stone in scientific socialism.
Journal of Nanjing Institute of Technology：Social Science Edition
reform and opening up
socialism with Chinese characteristics