Measles surveillance in Jiangsu Province started in 1999 by dividing the province into two sorts of areas. The first sort of area is economic well-developed area where EPI is carried out well and measles incidence is lower. The cities of this area investigated included Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou and Zhenjiang. The second sort of area included 9 cities (Nanjing, Xuzhou, Liangyungang, Nantong, Huaiyin, Suqian, Yangcheng, Yangzhou and Taizhou) where all the conditions are not as good as that mentioned in the first sort of area. The surveillance system of the province reported in 1999 a total of 938 suspected measles cases in 13 cities, of which 684 were confirmed as measles. The notifiable reporting system reported 846 suspected measles cases and 684 cases were confirmed. This indicated that the surveillance system operated well. The measles epidemiological features in two sorts of areas were compared. In first sort of area, including Nanjing, the measles cases of ≥15 years old accounted for 66.3% of the total cases. In second sort of area, not including Nanjing, the measles cases of <15 years old accounted for 90.8% of the total cases, and 73.2% of them were patients <10 years old. In 1999, there were 10 measles outbreaks occurred in the province and 218 measles cases were reported which accounted for 31.7% of the confirmed measles cases reported by the provincial measles surveillance system. 9% the 10 outbreaks occurred in the second sort of area, the cases were preschool and primary school children. The results showed that progression of EPI work was uneven in two sorts of areas of Jiangsu Province.
Chinese Journal of Vaccines and Immunization
Two sorts of areas