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出生早期不同喂养方式对新生儿红斑发病的影响

Prospective study on the relationship between early neonatal erythema and different feeding patterns
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摘要 目的探讨不同喂养方式与新生儿红斑的发生有无关联。方法选取2016年6月20日至2016年7月30日,我院产科出生5天之内的2500克≤出生体重≤4000克的剖宫产第一胎健康足月儿519例,按照性别、喂养方式分组,分别记录有无红斑发生的例数。应用Χ^2检验对数据进行统计学分析。结果发生新生儿红斑者中母乳喂养有21例,配方奶喂养及混合喂养有290例,未发生新生儿红斑者中母乳喂养有33例,配方奶喂养及混合喂养有175例,人工喂养及混合喂养与新生儿红斑发病统计学相关(P<0.001)。发生新生儿红斑者中男孩184例,女孩127例,未发生新生儿红斑者中男孩110例,女孩98例,性别与新生儿红斑发病无统计学相关(P>0.05)。结论配方奶喂养或混合喂养的新生儿比母乳喂养更易患新生儿红斑,提示牛奶蛋白过敏可能是早期新生儿红斑的易患因素。 Objective To study the relationship between different feeding methods and the occurrence of neonatal ery- thema.Methods A study was conducted among 519healthy full-term cesarean neonates in the first pregnacies in our hos- pital from June 20,2016to July 30,2016,whose birth weights are from 2500grams to 4000grams within five days of birth. The number of cases with erythema or not was recorded according to sex and feeding pattern respectively .Chi square test was used to analyze the data.Results There were 21cases of breast-feeding in neonates and 290eases of formula feeding and mixed feeding with erythema,33cases of breast-feeding and 175cases of formula feeding and mixed feeding without neonatal erythema.Formula feeding and mixed feeding were significantly correlated with neonatal erythema (P <0.001). There were 184boys and 127girls with neonatal erythema.There were 110 boys and 98 girls without erythema of neo- nates.No significant correlation was found between genders and neonatal erythema (P >0.05).Conclusion Formula feeding or mixed feeding neonatals are more susceptible to neonatal erythema than those who are breast feeding,suggesting that milk protein allergy may be an early risk factor for neonatal erythema.
作者 姜书 郭春艳 Jiang Shu;Guo Chunyan(Shenyang Women's and Children's Hospital,110011,China)
机构地区 沈阳市妇婴医院
出处 《辽宁医学杂志》 2018年第5期29-31,共3页 Medical Journal of Liaoning
关键词 新生儿红斑 配方奶喂养 牛奶蛋白过敏 Ervthema toxicum neonatorum:Formula feeding:Cow's milk protein allergy
作者简介 通讯作者:姜书,女,电话:13998264952,E-mail:jskyl@126.com,单位:沈阳市妇婴医院地址:辽宁省沈阳市沈河区大南街87号邮编:110011
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