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职业承诺对咸阳地区医务人员职业稳定性的影响

Influence of occupational commitment on occupational stability of medical staff in Xianyang
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摘要 目的了解咸阳地区医务人员职业承诺和职业稳定性现状,探讨职业承诺对职业稳定性的影响。方法采用分层抽样和整群抽样法选择咸阳地区8家二级以上医院2266名医务人员作为调查对象,编制调查问卷,调查一般情况、职业承诺和职业稳定性现状。结果咸阳地区医务人员职业承诺和职业稳定性评分分别为80.43±13.49和15.49±3.41,不同年龄、工龄医务人员在职业承诺和职业稳定性方面差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。职业承诺与职业稳定性间存在显著相关性(P<0.05)。多元回归分析发现,引入职业承诺前全部自变量共解释了因变量(职业稳定性)0.70%的总变异,其中工龄对职业稳定性的作用最大(Beta=0.086);引入职业承诺后全部自变量共解释了因变量28.00%的总变异,其中规范承诺、机会承诺、情感承诺、情感代价、经济成本和工龄对职业稳定性的作用最大(Beta分别为0.193、-0.211、0.213、0.096、0.080和0.054)。结论咸阳地区医务人员职业稳定与职业承诺及其各维度关系密切,职业承诺和工龄对职业稳定性的影响较大。 [Objective]To know the situation of occupational commitment and occupational stability of medical staff in Xianyang , and explore the influence of occupational commitment on occupational stability. [Methods]By using the stratified sampling and cluster sampling,2 266 medical workers from eight hospitals at second-class level and above were selected as research objects. The questionnaire was compiled to investigate the basic situation,occupational commitment and occupational stability. [Results]The score of occupational commitment and occupational stability among medical staff in Xianyang was 80.43±13.49 and 15.49±3.41 respectively,and there were statistically significant differences in occupational commitment and occupational stability among different groups in age and length of service(P<0.05). There was a significant correlation between occupational commitment and occupational stability (P<0.05). The multiple regression analysis showed that all arguments explained 0.70% of the total variation of dependent variable (occupational stability) and length of service had the greatest impact on occupational stability (Beta=0.086) before introducing occupational commitment,all arguments explained 28.0% of the total variation after introducing occupational commitment,and normative commitment,opportunity commitment,emotional commitment,emotional cost,economic cost and length of service had the greatest impact on occupational stability (Beta=0.193,-0.211,0.213,0.096,0.080,0.054). [Conclusion]Occupational stability is closely related to occupational commitment and its dimensions among medical staff in Xianyang,while occupational commitment and length of service have the greatest impact on occupational stability.
作者 张志刚 王小莉 韩元平 赵丹 李菁 ZHANG Zhi-gang;WANG Xiao-li;HAN Yuan-ping;ZHAO Dan;Ll Jing(School of Public Health,Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine,Xianyang Shaanxi,.712045,China;Department of Dermatology Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine ,XianyangShaanxi,712000,China;Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine ,XianyangShaanxi,712000,China)
出处 《职业与健康》 CAS 2018年第24期3361-3363,3370共4页 Occupation and Health
基金 咸阳地区2016年科技成果推广计划(2016KT-25).
关键词 医务人员 职业承诺 职业稳定性 影响 Medical staff Occupational commitment Occupational stability Influence
作者简介 张志刚,男,讲师,主要从事职业卫生监测与研究工作;通讯作者:王小莉,主治医师,E—mail:632904158@qq.com
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