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中国儿童流感疾病负担和疫苗应用现状

Disease burden of influenza in children and current status of vaccine usage in China
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摘要 全球每年因流感死亡的人数达29万~65万,给社会带来沉重的疾病负担。儿童在各人群中流感的发病率最高,可导致过量的就诊负担,住院风险也显著增加,这不仅导致就诊、住院等直接医疗费用,还导致其家人缺勤、儿童缺课等间接负担。接种流感疫苗是预防流感最有效的手段,但目前我国儿童流感疫苗接种率低,也尚未将儿童流感疫苗接种纳入国家免疫规划项目。现主要对国内儿童流感疾病负担及疫苗应用现状进行综述,以期为儿童流感防控工作提供参考。 The annual deaths associated with influenza is estimated to be between 290 000 and 650 000, which caused substantial burden to the society.Children have the highest incidence of influenza among all age groups, which can cause overloaded medical visits and a significant increase of hospitalization risk.The severe economic burden includes not only the direct medical costs due to outpatients and hospitalization, but also the indirect burden of school absence of children and work absence of their family members.Annual vaccination is the best measure to prevent influenza, however, influenza vaccination coverage among children in China is very low, and influenza vaccination has not yet been included in the National Immunization Program.Now, the disease burden of influenza and the vaccine usage in children in China were reviewed, and in order to provide evidence for influenza control and prevention.
作者 张慕丽 彭质斌 郑建东 谭亚运 王璇 秦颖 冯录召 Zhang Muli;Peng Zhibin;Zheng Jiandong;Tan Yayun;Wang Xuan;Qin Ying;Feng Luzhao(Division of Infectious Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China;Health and Family Planning Commission of Lushan County, Lushan 467300, Henan Province, China;Suzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Suzhou 215004, Jiangsu Province, China;Chinese Field Epidemiology Training Program, Beijing 100050, China;National Center for Chronic and Non-Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China)
出处 《中华实用儿科临床杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期91-97,共7页 Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics
关键词 流感 儿童 疾病负担 流感疫苗 Influenza Child Disease burden Influenza vaccine
作者简介 通信作者:冯录召,Email:fenglz@chinacdc.cn.
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