The South Sudan referendum is a rare case of successful separation in recent years. This referendum is the result of peaceful negotiations on the Sudan’s civil war,and is a protocol referendum of democratic separation. In fact,the Sudan’s civil war did not necessarily lead to secession. However,the colonial history and diversity of the North and South Sudan made it extremely difficult for a peaceful resolution. Due to the special geographic location of Sudan,its uneven distribution of resources,apparent cultural differences between the North and the South,as well as the mediation of the international community,using referendum to solve disputes has become a possible option that can be accepted by all parties. The referendum has both positive and negative influences,and probably does not develop as the outside had expected. While North-South relations were unpredictable,the South faces fierce and cruel internal waves. The roots of internal and diplomatic difficulties in South Sudan might lie in the flaws in the comprehensive peace agreement,the farfetched link separation with peace,and the pursuit of self-interest by major stakeholders. This paper argues that neither referendum nor secession are good ways to resolve a country’s internal conflicts. Actually,the essential problem is to find an effective and lasting-peace strategy.
ARAB World Studies