期刊文献+

烤烟碳氮代谢关键酶活性动态及其与类胡萝卜素关系研究 预览 被引量:11

Dynamic of Key Enzymes Activity Involved in Carbon and Nitrogen Metabolism in Flue-cured Tobacco and their Correlation with Cartenoids
在线阅读 免费下载
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 以红花大金元、K326为试验材料,采用大田种植方式,研究了不同基因型烤烟叶片碳氮代谢关键酶的活性动态及其与类胡萝卜素的相关性。结果表明,在烟草生长发育过程中,硝酸还原酶、谷氨酰胺合成酶、蔗糖转化酶和淀粉酶活性均呈现先上升后降低的变化规律,硝酸还原酶、谷氨酰胺合成酶和淀粉酶在移栽后60 d达到最大值,而蔗糖转化酶活性最大值出现在移栽后75 d。类胡萝卜素各组分(β-类胡萝卜素、叶黄素、新黄质和紫黄质)含量随着生育进程的推移,呈下降趋势。在整个生育期内,红花大金元叶片硝酸还原酶、谷氨酰胺合成酶、蔗糖转化酶和淀粉酶活性以及类胡萝卜素各组分含量均高于K326。相关分析结果表明,蔗糖转化酶活性与类胡萝卜素各组分含量呈显著负相关。 The dynamic of key enzyme activities involved in carbon and nitrogen metabolism in different flue-cured tobacco cultivars were studied with K326 and Honghuadajinyuan in field condition, and their correlations with cartenoids was also investigated. The results showed that the activities of nitrate reductase, glutamine synthetase, invertase and amylase all increased at the earlier stage and decreased at later stage in the growth and development period of tobacco. The activities of nitrate reductase, glutamine synthetase, and amylase reached maximum at 60 d after transplanting, but the peak activity value of invertase was at 75 d after transplanting. The contents of carotenoids components (β-carotene, lutein, neoxanthin, violaxthin) decreased gradually with the proceeding of tobacco growth and development process. In the whole growth period, Honghuadajinyuan had higher enzyme activity and carotenoids content than K326. There was significant negative correlation between the activity of invertase and the contents of carotenoids components.
作者 杨志晓 史跃伟 林世峰 王志红 谢升东 任学良 YANG Zhixiao, SHI Yuewei, LIN Shifeng, WANG Zhihong, XIE Shengdong, REN Xueliang (GuizhouAcademy of Tobacco Science, Guiyaxlg 550081, China)
出处 《中国烟草科学》 CSCD 2014年第2期59-63,共5页 Chinese Tobacco Science
基金 国家烟草专卖局重点项目“烤烟育种新技术与新一代烤烟新品种选育研究”[中烟办(2010)221号] 国家烟草专卖局重大专项“烟草主要栽培品种、核心种质资源和野生种基因差异分析”[中烟办(2012)146号] 贵州省科技厅农业攻关项目[黔科合(2011)3047号]
关键词 烤烟 碳氮代谢 类胡萝卜素 相关分析 flue-cured tobacco carbon and nitrogen metabolism enzyme carotenoids correlation
作者简介 杨志晓,男,在读博士,主要从事烟草遗传育种研究。E-mail:linyingxian2006@126.com。 E-mail:renxuel@126.com
  • 相关文献

参考文献18

二级参考文献152

共引文献1164

同被引文献214

引证文献11

二级引证文献33

投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈