Objective To describe the current status of dietary consumption of different categories of food among 3—12 year old children in 7 cities and 2 countries in China based on cross-sectional study. Method Totally 1 774 children were recruited using a combination of systematic cluster random sampling and purposive sampling. General information was collected through a self-designed questionnaire from the caregivers,and dietary status including frequency and the amount of intake each time was derived through Food Frequency Questionnaire.Result The percentages of children who never took aquatic products within half a year ranked the first places. With the grades increased,dietary intake of cereal,tubers,vegetable and meat increased,while that of fruits and dairy products decreased. Urban children took less cereal,tubers,vegetables,fruits,eggs,beans and more meat,aquatic products,dairy products and nuts than rural children. Both of oil and salt were higher than recommended. Compared to the data of the year of 2002,dietary intake of cereal was lower while intake of tubers,fruits,eggs,dairy products,beans and nuts was higher. Conclusion There was significant difference in dietary consamption between urlan and rural. Children took lower amount of dairy products,higher amount of oil and salt than recommended.
Food and Nutrition in China