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江门市中学生抑郁症状与心理求助现况 被引量:3

Depressive symptoms and seeking psychological help among middle school students in Jiangmen
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摘要 目的了解江门市中学生心理求助现状,为制定相应的心理健康教育和干预策略提供依据。方法采取整群抽样调查法,使用自填式问卷对整群抽取的江门市6所中学初一至高三3 669名中学生进行测试。结果在3 669名中学生中,共检出有抑郁症状者877名,检出率为23.90%。60.10%的中学生曾寻求过心理援助,女生高于男生(x^2=13.19,P〈0.05);不同年级中学生差异有统计学意义(x^2=9.749,P〈0.01),高三学生曾寻求心理援助比例最高达73.0%,其次为高一和初二学生。有不同程度抑郁症状的中学生寻求过心理援助比例为70.70%,其中寻求专业心理援助比例为7.30%,且不同抑郁得分等级间差异无统计学意义(x^2=13.589,P=0.557)。结论中学生存在大量心理服务需求,但寻求专业心理援助服务不足。应加强中学生心理健康宣传和教育,提高中学生对心理卫生服务的利用能力。 Objective To explore depressive symptoms and seeking psychological help among middle school students, and to provide basis for student mental health care system. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out with anonymous self-administrated questionnaire among 3 669 students from 4 middle schools. Results The prevalence rate of depressive symptoms was 23.9% (877/3 669). With depressive symptom score increasing, the students were more likely to seek psychological help(P〈 0.05); female students were more likely to seek help than male students(P〈0.05) ; the 12th grader were more likely to seek help than other grade students(P〈0.05). About 7.3% and 63.4% of the students with depressive symptoms had sought professional and non-professional psychological help respectively. Conclusion Middle school students have abundant demand for psychological health care. Mental health education and professional psychological service should be strengthened among middle school students.
作者 徐伏莲 钟明洁 陈海泉 许律琴 黄奕祥 XU Fu-lian, ZHONG Ming- jie, CHEN Hai-quan(et al. The Third People's Hospital, Jiangmen 529000 , Guangdong Province, China)
出处 《中国学校卫生》 CAS 北大核心 2014年第10期1500-1502,共3页 Chinese Journal of School Health
基金 江门市科技局课题项目(20130190066269)
关键词 抑郁 精神卫生 学生 Depression Mental health Students
作者简介 徐伏莲(1968-),女,江西省弋阳县人,在读硕士,主任药师,主要研究方向为公共卫生管理。
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