期刊文献+

独立、合作与可问责——探寻中国食品安全监管体制改革之路 预览 被引量:13

Independence,Cooperation and Accountability---T racing and Exploring China's Reformation of Food Safety Regulatory System
在线阅读 下载PDF
分享 导出
摘要 中国的食品安全监管体制大致经历了三个发展阶段:计划经济时期“以食品生产、经营主管部门为主、卫生部门为辅”的食品卫生管理体制,计划经济向市场经济过渡时期“卫生部门领导、多部门共同负责”的混合管理体制,市场经济体制确立之后“多部门分工负责、统一协调”的食品安全监管体制。在这个过程中,中国政府对食品安全监管职能的认识不断深入,实现了从“食品卫生管理”到“食品安全监管”的转变;食品安全监管机构的设置更加科学,监管机构的独立性与可问责性受到重视;食品安全监管权的配置逐步完善,从“分段监管”为主转向主要按“品种”划分监管权限;日益强调食品安全监管部门间的协调配合,重视政府、企业、社会的合作治理。 T he food safety regulatory system in China has been through three stages :food hygiene man‐agement system-the departments in charge of food production and operation were taken as principal ac‐tors and the hygiene department as supplement during the Planned Economy era ;hybrid management system -the hygiene department leads and other departments are in charge of food hygiene during the shifting from Planned Economy to Socialist Market Economy ;food safety regulatory system -multi‐de‐partments have been dividing the regulatory functions and coordinating unifiedly after Market Economy has been set up .During this process ,Chinese Government gained deeper understanding on food safety regulatory function and achieved the transition from “food hygiene management” to “food safety regula‐tion” .The institution of food safety regulation has been organized reasonably and regulatory agencies'independence and accountability have been valued .The allocation of food safety regulatory power has been improved step by step thus regulatory powers have been divided from by the stage of food operation to by food species .The cooperation among food safety regulatory agencies has more often been focused on ,as well as the cooperation among the government ,enterprise and society .
作者 马英娟 MA Ying-juan (College of Law and Political Science, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China)
出处 《河北大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2015年第1期38-45,共8页 Journal of Hebei University(Philosophy and Social Science)
基金 国家社科基金项目《行政法学视野下的中国食品安全监管体制改革研究》(09BFX023) 上海市浦江人才计划项目《食品安全合作监管机制研究》 上海市政府发展研究中心专项课题《食品安全监管政策的风险控制与法律应对研究》
关键词 食品安全监管体制 食品卫生管理 食品安全监管 合作治理 food safety regulatory system food hygiene management food safety regulation cooperative governance
作者简介 马英娟(1969-),女,河北衡水人,法学博士,上海师范大学法政学院教授,主要研究方向:公法与政府监管制度。
  • 相关文献

参考文献5

二级参考文献55

共引文献97

同被引文献211

引证文献13

二级引证文献35

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈