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膝关节前交叉韧带损伤患者术后膝关节功能的恢复及影响因素 被引量:21

Knee joint function and relative factors of patients with postoperative knee anterior cruciate ligament injury
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摘要 目的:探讨膝关节前交叉韧带损伤患者术后膝关节功能的恢复及影响因素。方法选取某院关节损伤门诊复查的膝关节前交叉韧带损伤行关节镜下膝关节前交叉韧带重建术的70例患者为研究对象,自行设计量表调查患者的康复锻炼情况和膝关节活动度恢复情况,采用中文版一般自我效能感量表调查患者的自我效能。结果67例患者康复锻炼情况平均分为(3.05±0.51)分,关节活动度平均分为(3.35±0.76)分;一般效能感量表平均分为(2.90±0.45)分;康复锻炼情况与一般自我效能和关节活动度呈正相关(P〈0.05)。结论应有针对性地指导膝关节前交叉韧带损伤患者进行术后康复锻炼,对促进患者膝关节功能的恢复有重要意义。 Objective To explore the knee joint function and relative factors of patients with postoperative knee anterior cruciate ligament injury. Methods A total of 70 patients, who acquired knee anterior cruciate ligament injury and treated by an ACL reconstruction, were selected in our joint injury outpatient reviewed as sample. Self-designed questionnaire was utilized to investigate patients′ rehabilitation training and knee joint range of motion ( ROM ) , and the Chinese general self-efficacy scale ( GSES ) was investigated the patient′s self-efficacy. A total of 70 questionnaires distributed and collected, but 67 of them were effective. Results In 67 patients, the average score of rehabilitation training was (3. 05 ± 0. 51) points, average score of ROM (3. 35 ± 0. 76), and average score of GSES (2. 90 ± 0. 45) points. Rehabilitation training was positively correlated with general self-efficacy and ROM (P〈0. 05). Conclusions The patients with knee anterior cruciate ligament injury should undergo corresponding measures, which is a important significance to promote the recovery of knee joint function.
作者 董晓艳 刘静 张建平 曲峰 Dong Xiaoyan, Liu Jing, Zhang Jianping, Qu Feng. (Ward Six, Orthopedics Department, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Medical School of Chinese PLA, Beijing 100853, China)
出处 《中华现代护理杂志》 2015年第4期452-454,共3页 Modern Nursing
关键词 膝关节 前交叉韧带 康复锻炼 膝关节活动度 一般自我效能 Knee joint Anterior cruciate ligament Rehabilitation training Knee joint range of motion General self-efficacy
作者简介 通信作者:董晓艳,Email:dongxiao—yan@sina.com
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