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瓢鸡无尾性状测定及遗传研究 被引量:1

Detection and Genetic Study of Rumpless Trait in Piao Chicken
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摘要 瓢鸡是我国特有的具无尾性状的地方鸡种,无尾个体缺失尾椎骨、尾棕骨、尾羽、镰羽和尾脂腺。对育成期的有尾鸡和无尾鸡进行解剖观察,无尾鸡尾部骨骼缺失明显,且没有尾脂腺,使用茜素红和阿利新蓝染色显示骨骼系统,结果显示,无尾鸡腰荐部椎骨数目与普通有尾鸡相比明显缺失,但是该方法不便于大量观察,采用X光成像方法,可以清晰显示鸡尾部骨骼情况,便于群体观察。遗传研究结果显示,F1代无尾杂合公鸡个体与正常有尾母鸡交配产生的后代发生无尾性状分离,表明我国地方鸡品种瓢鸡所具有的无尾性状为常染色体显性性状。无尾鸡可以作为椎骨发育研究的重要模式动物。 Piao chicken is a Chinese native chicken breed,lack of caudal vertebra,pygostyle,tail feather and preen gland are the typical features of Piao chicken. The anatomy study was made in juvenile chicken. Rumples chicken and normal chicken were markedly different. There was no preen gland under the tail skin. The specimen of chicken skeleton stained with alizarin red and alcian blue showed,rumpless chicken had less tail vertebra than normal chicken,but the skeleton stained method was unsuitable for observing a large number of chicken samples. X-ray image technology was tried in this study,the coccyx could be observed clearly in the X-ray picture of rumpless and normal chicken. It′s convenient to observe chicken coccyx using X-ray image technology,especially for a large number of samples. The result of genetic study showed that rumpless trait in Piao chicken segregated in hybrid offspring from hybrid trmpless male chicken crossing with normal female chicken,and it′s a autosomal dominant trait. Rumpless chicken could be used as a valuable model organism for the study of vertebral dysplasia.
作者 宋迟 邸超 郭影 宋卫涛 束婧婷 韩威 李慧芳 SONG Chi,DI Chao,GUO Ying,SONG Weitao,SHU Jingting,HAN Wei,LI Huifang (1.Jiangsu Institute of Poultry Science,Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225125 ; 2.China Agricultural University,Beijing 100194)
出处 《中国家禽》 北大核心 2015年第7期12-15,共4页 China Poultry
基金 现代农业产业技术体系(CARS-42-G03) 现代农业技术领域863计划(2011AA100301)
关键词 无尾 尾椎骨 显性遗传 chicken rumpless caudal vertebra dominant trait
作者简介 通讯作者,E-mail:lhfxf_002@aliyun.com
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