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健康儿童乙脑抗体水平的调查研究 预览 被引量:1

Investigation on Healthy Children Antibody Level
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摘要 目的调查宝应县1~16岁健康儿童乙脑抗体情况,分析本区域乙脑免疫水平。方法宝应县于2014年6月至2014年7月对本县共12个镇进行了健康儿童乙脑抗体检测,随机抽取每个镇的80例儿童,共960例儿童作为研究对象,960例儿童采用酶联免疫吸附试验对血清中乙脑抗体进行检测,统计分析抗体阳性情况,探讨本县乙脑免疫水平。结果960例健康儿童中,乙脑抗体阳性率为95.94%(9211960),阴性率为4.06%(39/960),阳性率显著高于阴性率,差异显著P〈0.05;不同性别抗体阳性率比较:男童乙脑抗体阳性率为96.77%,女重乙脑抗体阳性率为95.05%,无显著差异P〉0.05。不同年龄段抗体阳性率比较:4~5岁年龄段乙脑抗体阳性率最低,3~4岁年龄段乙脑抗体阳性率最高。结论宝应县1-16岁健康儿重乙脑免疫水平较高,为儿童建立起了免疫屏障,乙脑免疫规划工作成果显著,应继续做好抗体水平监测.强化免疫效果。 Objective To investigate baoyiug 1 ~ 16 healthy children, je antibody analysis je immunization level in this area. Methods Baoying in June 2014 to July 2014, the county town of a total of 12 healthy children je antibody test, randomly and 80 cases of children every town, as the research object, a total of 960 cases of children 960 cases of children with enzyme-linked immune adsorption experiment to test the je antibody in serum, the statistical analysis of antibody positive cases, explore county je immunization level. Results In 60 cases of healthy children, je antibody positive rate was 95.94% ( 921/960 ), the negative rate was 4.06% ( 39/960 ), positive rate was significantly higher than that of negative rate, sigaaificant difference ( P 〈 0.05 ) ; Rate of positive of antibody of different gender comparison : boy je antibody positive rate was 96.77%, the girls je antibody positive rate was 95.05%, there was no significant difference ( P 〉 0.05 ) . Rate of positive of antibody of different age groups are : 4 ~ 5 years old age group je antibody positive rate lowest, highest je antibody positive rate between 3 ~ 4 years old. Conclusion Baoying 1 ~ 16 healthy heavy je irumunization level is higher, and set up for children imnmne barrier, je immunizatiou planning work, should continue to make antibody level monitoring, strengthening the inmmune effect.
作者 吉玉国 II Yuguo Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ofBaoying CounW of Jiangsu province, Baoying 225800, China
出处 《中国卫生标准管理》 2015年第15期3-5,共3页
关键词 健康儿童 IGG抗体 免疫史 乙脑疫苗接种 Healthy children, IgG antibody, Immune history, Je vaccine immunization
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