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中、东部地区城市穆斯林流动人口制度融入状况——基于武汉、广州、杭州、宁波的调查 被引量:1

System Integration Situation of Muslim Migrant Population in Cities of Mid-eastern China
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摘要 中、东部地区的武汉、广州、杭州、宁波4城市调查问卷表明,在穆斯林流动人口的重要输出地的西北诸省区,出于发展经济、脱贫致富的需要,输出地政府对穆斯林外出人员提供贷款支持、展开技术培训、设立外派机构维护权益;输入地城市则着重从就业、文化生活需求、子女入学等方面提供大力支持和帮助,为穆斯林流动人口在城市生存、适应和融入城市社会提供了一定的保障。但是,在制度融入方面,输入地城市穆斯林流动人口还存在子女入学困难、参加城市社会保险率低、城市管理不到位、文化生活需求缺口大等制度因素的制约。因此,提升穆斯林流动人口城市融入水平,要解决好穆斯林流动人口子女入学困难问题,保障穆斯林流动人口的合法权益,做好文化教育及多元技术培训工作以及加强法规教育,促进城市管理与流动人口经营双向适应等。 A questionnaire survey conducted in Wuhan, Guangzhou, Hang- zhou and Ningbo, four cities in Mid-eastern China, shows that in the provinces and municipalities of the Northwest of China, the key senders of Muslim migrant population, the local governments provide loan support, carry out technical training and set up dispatched organizations for migrant Muslims to achieve the goal of economic development and poverty elimination. And the recipient cities offer convenience and help in terms of employment, cultural life and children's schooling to guarantee that Muslim migrant population can live in, adapt to and integrate into the city society. However, as for the system integration, the mi- grant Muslims in recipient cities are faced with various system restrictions such as difficulties for children schooling, low participating rate of social insurance, poor city administration and lack of cultural life. Therefore, to improve the level of integration for Muslim migrant population, efforts should be made to solve the problems of children schooling difficulties, to protect their legal rights, to offer good education and multiple technical tranings, to enhance law popularization and to promote mutual adaptation of city administration and migrant population man- agement.
作者 李吉和 卢时秀 LI Ji-he, LU Shi-xiu (South-central University For Nationalities, Wuhan 430073, China)
出处 《广西民族大学学报:哲学社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2015年第4期103-108,共6页 Journal of Guangxi University For Nationalites:Social Science Edition
基金 国家社会科学基金项目“我国中、东部地区穆斯林流动人口城市融入问题研究”(项目编号:12BMZ071).
关键词 穆斯林流动人口 教育制度 权益保障 社会保障 制度融入 Muslim migrant population education system rights and in-terests guarantee social guarantee system integration
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