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线性波浪加载下海底斜坡失稳机制的数值分析 预览 被引量:4

Numerical Analysis of the Failure Mechanism of Submarine Slopes under Linear Wave Loading
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摘要 基于大型有限元软件ABAQUS中的荷载模块,添加一阶波浪力载荷模式,并结合强度折减技术,实现波浪力作用下海底斜坡稳定性与失稳机制的弹塑性有限元数值分析。引入典型算例,利用先前提出的波浪荷载下海底斜坡稳定性的极限分析上限方法开展数值解的对比验证;在此基础上,通过深入地变动参数比较分析,探讨不同波长、波高和水深等波浪参数对计算结果的影响以及波浪力影响下海底斜坡潜在滑动面的变化规律,获得波浪荷载下海底斜坡失稳滑动机制的初步认识。 Submarine landslides,a natural hazard,not only destroy subsea infrastructure but also trigger life-threatening tsunamis.Because of its destructive potential,many scholars are studying the failure mechanism of seabed slopes.There are many factors that induce submarine landslides,e.g.,earthquakes,volcanic eruptions,gas hydrate dissociation,and so on.However,the instability of the seafloor in shallow waters may be induced by waves.This study treats the stability of a submarine slope as a plane strain problem and adopts an elasto-plastic constitutive model obeying the Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion.To analyze seafloor stability under wave loading,a large-scale elasto-plastic finite element program called ABAQUS combined with a strength reduction method is adopted.Based on linear wave theory,wave-induced pressure is implemented by developing a loading module in this program.Pressures are applied on the slope surface as pseudo-static loads at a particular time during the wave period.In addition,a typical example is presented,and a factor of safety(FS)and corresponding critical sliding surface(CSS)for the submarine slope under wave loading are obtained using the improved finite element program.A previously programmed analytical code based on an upper-bound approach of limit analysis is also employed to validate the numerical solutions.Based on this,a series of comparative analyses is performed.The effect of wave parameters such as wave length,wave height,and water depth on slope stability and the positions of the CSS are discussed by comparison with the results from the FEM and upper-bound approach.Some preliminary understanding of the instability mechanism of submarine slopes subjected to wave loading is achieved.The results show that the finite element result is close to the limit analysis result.The factor of safety oscillates with time under static water conditions and decreases gradually with increasing wave length and wave height.In addition,the FSof the submarine slope approach the hydrostatic FSas the wate
作者 刘敏 刘博 年廷凯 印萍 宋雷 LIU Min , LIU Bo , NIAN Ting-kai , YIN Ping , SONG Lei(1.State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering ,Dalian University of Technology ,Dalian ,Liaoning 116024,China ; 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Hydrocarbon Resources and Environmental Geology ,Ministry of Land and Resources, Qingdao ,Shandong 266071 ,China ;3.State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and TechnologyjXuzhou,Jiangsu 221008,China)
出处 《地震工程学报》 CSCD 北大核心 2015年第2期415-421,共7页 Northwestern Seismological Journal
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(No.51179022,No.41474122) 国土资源部海洋油气资源与环境地质重点实验室开放基金(MRE201304) 深部岩土力学与地下工程国家重点实验室开放基金(SKLGDUEK1307)
关键词 海底滑坡 斜坡稳定性 弹塑性有限元分析 强度折减法 波浪荷载 submarine landslide slope stability elasto-plastic finite element analysis strength reduction method wave loading
作者简介 刘敏(1989-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事波浪作用下海底斜坡稳定性评价工作.E—mail:xiaomin03050415@mail.dlut.edu.cn 通讯作者:年廷凯(1971-),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事边坡力学与滑坡、海岸与海洋工程地质灾害、特殊土与沿海软土地基病害处治技术方面的研究.E—mail:tknian@dlut.edu.cn
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