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濒死体验现象研究综述 被引量:1

Review of Near Death Experience Studies
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摘要 濒死体验是一种并非罕见的心理现象,调查结果表明,经历过病危的成年人中有43%以上有过濒死体验。对濒死体验的研究主要集中在两个方面:其一是对经历者的某些特别心理事实的验证,其二是对濒死体验现象成因的理论解释,这两点之间也是相互关联的。对濒死体验的成因存在着多种理论解释和争议,尚未形成共识。每种解释都强调了某项或几项因素的作用,而忽略了其他因素的作用。有的理论在解释濒死体验的某些要素时存在着缺陷,解释力显得不足;有的理论虽然解释力较强,但难以与公认的实证科学理论衔接。 Near Death Experience(NDE) is not a rare psychological phenomenon. In individuals with severe illness,more than 43% had experienced the NDE. There are mainly two aspects in the NDE studies: one is to verify the psychological facts of the subjects, another is to explain it theoretically, which are closely related with each other. So far, no common views have been reached on the mechanism of the NDE. In this study, we reviewed recent studies on the NDE and suggest that the experimental study were warranted in the future.
作者 苗兴壮 MIAO Xing-zhuang( Senior Research Fellow Department, Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences, Guangzhou 510410, China)
出处 《中国临床心理学杂志》 CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2015年第5期932-936,共5页 Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology
关键词 濒死体验 心理学解释 生理学解释 研究综述 NDE Psychological Explanation Physiological Explanation Review
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