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湖北省小麦赤霉病菌对多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺的敏感性 被引量:3

Sensitivity of Fusarium graminearum from Hubei province to carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz
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摘要 对2014年采自中国湖北省7个县、市的206株小麦赤霉病菌样品进行单孢分离与鉴定,并采用菌丝生长速率法随机测定了其中100株菌株对多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺的敏感性,建立了其敏感基线。结果表明:多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺对湖北省小麦赤霉病菌的EC50值范围分别为0.115-0.705、0.006-1.356和0.002-0.370μg/m L,平均值分别为0.248、0.181和0.040μg/m L;供试100株小麦赤霉病菌对3种药剂的敏感性频率均呈单峰拟正态分布,因此可将所得各EC50平均值分别作为湖北省小麦赤霉病菌对3种药剂的敏感基线参考值。以各药剂EC50平均值的10倍作为敏感性鉴别浓度,对2015及2016年湖北省小麦赤霉病菌的敏感性进行了监测,在该鉴别浓度下,多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺对2015年小麦赤霉病菌的平均抑制率分别为100%、85.14%和82.35%,对2016年小麦赤霉病菌的平均抑制率分别为100%、76.67%和73.62%。研究表明,虽然戊唑醇和咪鲜胺对2016年小麦赤霉病菌的抑制率略有下降,但整体而言,湖北省小麦赤霉病菌对多菌灵、戊唑醇及咪鲜胺仍具有较高的敏感性。 In 2014, 206 single-spore isolates of Fusarium graminearum collected from seven districts in Hubei province were identified by morphology. Sensitivity of 100 randomly selected isolates to carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz was assayed by using mycelium growth inhibition method,and the sensitivity baseline was established. The results showed that the EC50 values of carbendazim,tebuconazole and prochloraz to F. graminearum isolates were in the ranges of 0.115-0.705, 0.006-1.356 and 0.002-0.370 μg/m L, and mean values of 0.248, 0.181 and 0.040 μg/m L, respectively. The sensitivitydistributions of the 100 isolates to these three fungicides all followed unimodal quasi-normal distribution, which indicated that the EC50 mean values could be used as the sensitivity baseline of F.graminearum in Hubei province to these three fungicides. Using 10 times of the mean EC50 value of each fungicide as the discriminatory dose, the sensitivity of F. graminearum in Hubei province was monitored from 2015–2016. The study showed that the average inhibition rates of carbendazim,tebuconazole and prochloraz to F. graminearum isolates were 100%, 85.14%, 82.35%, respectively, in2015, and 100%, 76.67%, 73.62%, respectively, in 2016. In summary, F. graminearum isolates in Hubei province still wxhibit high sensitivity to carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz, although the inhibition rates of tebuconazole and prochloraz were slightly decreased in 2016.
作者 宋阳阳 林杨 罗汉钢 罗朝喜 SONG Yangyang1, LIN Yang1, LUO Hangang2, LUO Chaoxi1 (1. College of Plant Science and Technology/The Key Laboratory of Crop Disease Monitoring &Safety Control in Hubei Province Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China; 2. Plant Protection Station of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430070, China)
出处 《农药学学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2016年第6期724-728,共5页 Chinese Journal of Pesticide Science
基金 国家自然科学基金(31301614)
关键词 小麦赤霉病菌 敏感性 敏感基线 多菌灵 戊唑醇 咪鲜胺 Fusarium graminearum sensitivity sensitivity baseline carbendazim tebuconazole prochloraz
作者简介 宋阳阳,女,在读硕士研究生,E—mail:350468978@qq.com; 林杨,通信作者,女,博士,讲师,主要研宄方向为病原真菌分子遗传学,E-mail:yanglin@mail.hzau.edu.cn
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