目的 分析青少年口腔正畸治疗中应用微型种植体支抗与传统支抗方法的临床应用效果。方法 选取2013年6月-2015年7月我院收治的需要进行口腔正畸的青少年患者168例,随机分为研究组和对照组,其中对照组给予传统横腭杆增强支抗方法进行口腔正畸治疗,研究组给予微型种植体支抗方法进行口腔正畸治疗,对所有患者进行1次/月门诊随访,为期12个月,随访期间密切观察患者治疗过程中的不良反应,随访结束后对临床治疗效果进行对比分析。结果 对照组和研究组矫治有效率分别为82.14%和92.86%（P〈0.05）;对照组和研究组术后不良反应发生率分别为52.38%和9.52%（P〈0.05）;对照组和研究组满意率分别为65.48%和84.52%（P〈0.05）。结论 微型种植体支抗在保证不接触及损伤牙根的情况下治疗青少年口腔正畸临床效果明显,有效降低患者矫治过程中的不良反应,提高患者矫治后的满意程度,值得临床推广。
Objective To analyze the effect of mini-implant anchorage and non implant anchorage in orthodontic treatment of adolescents. Methods 168 adolescent patients for orthodontic treatment in our hospital from June 2013 to July 2015 were selected to study. The patients were randomly divided into the control group and study group. The patients of the control group were treated with traditional traditional transpalatal arch for reinforcing anchorage for orthodontic treatment, and the patients of the study group were treated with mini-implant anchorage for orthodontic treatment. All patients were followed up for 12 months. The adverse reactions and clinical effects were observed. Results The treatment efficiency of the control group and study group were 82.14% and 92.86 （P〈0.05）. The incidence rates of adverse reactions in control group and study group were 52.38% and 9.52% （P〈0.05）, The overall satisfaction rate of the control group and the study group were 65.48% and 84.52% （P〈0.05）. Conclusion The mini-implant anchorage in orthodontic treatment of adolescents has beneficial effects, can effectively reduce the adverse reactions of patients in the course of treatment, and improve the satisfaction of patients after treatment, which is worth to be spread.
China Continuing Medical Education