Objective To evaluate the effect of oral health behavior intervention of pregnancy and postpartum women on early childhood caries. Methods A total of 110 pregnant women who were in 4 to 9 months pregnancy and their children were included as the intervention group in the first phase of this study. The one-year-old infants in the second phase and two-years-old infants in the third phase were recalled every 6 months and received individual prophylactic care. The results of dental examination, including teeth eruption, caries prevalence, early enamel white spot prevalence and the questionnaire survey for diet habits were recorded. The control group included 110 mother-child couples aged 11-14 months. Results In the one-year-old intervention group, the caries incidence was 0.9%, dmft 0.02, and the white spot rate 1.9% which was significantly lower than those of the control group. At two years, the caries incidence of the intervention group was 3.1%, draft 0.07and the white spot rate 6.3% significantly lower than the control group. The two- years-old infants started brushing teeth at 6 months, weaning before one year old. The frequency of eating sweet foods and drinking water, and containing milk bottle when falling asleep was related to the incidence of early childhood caries, and the frequency of eating sweet foods was the most important factor. Conclusion The oral health behavior intervention on mothers and children reduced the incidence of early childhood caries.
Beijing Journal Of Stomatology
Early childhood caries