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漫长的革命:《小收煞》的文学出场学解读 预览

Long Revolution: An Interpretation of Xiao Shou Sha from the Perspective of Marxist Presentlogy of Literature
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摘要 从文学出场学的视野来看,《小收煞》呈现的是各种人物的出场、退场及缺场。土改是作品建构起的一个基本的历史场域,这为人物的活动提供了相应的时空。马素朴是作品的叙述焦点,经历了两次出场和一次退场,追溯和分析其出场语境、出场路径和在场形态,以及因何退场等环节,无疑是行之有效的解读方式。作品着力塑造了众多的女性人物形象,形成了一个引人注目的谱系,她们虽然都存在各种各样的缺点,但她们又都能从小家庭里走出来,在公共场域发出自己的声音,并以自身的行动,证实新乡村秩序重建的可能性,这与旧时代女性显示了巨大的差异。作品还通过叙述那些"被翻身"的农民的所作所为,叙述他们在新旧交替的历史时期的缺场,形象地映证了这样一个理念:革命是漫长的。 From the perspective of Marxist presentology of literature, what the Xiao Shou Sha demonstrates is the pres- ence, exiting and absence of all kinds of characters. Land reform is a basic historical field constructed by the work, which provides corresponding time and space for the activities of characters. As the core figure of the book, Ma Supu experi- enced two presences and one exiting, so analyzing the context, the path and the form of his presence and the reason of his exiting is undoubtedly an effective way of interpreting the work. Besides, the book focuses on shaping a range of female characters, which forms a compelling pedigree. Although these females have many shortcomings, they can go out from their family and make their own voice be heard in public domain. Meanwhile, with their own actions they confirm the pos- sibility of reconstructing the order of new village, which shows a huge difference from the females in old age. The work also describes the actions of the peasants who have been liberated and describes their absence in the new and old historical periods, and thus reflects the idea that the revolution will be a long journey.
作者 王贵禄 WANG Gui-lu (School of Culture and Media, Tianshui Normal University, Tianshui 741001, China)
出处 《兰州文理学院学报:社会科学版》 2017年第5期20-29,共10页 Journal of Gansu Lianhe University:Social Sciences
基金 2016年甘肃省社科规划项目“习近平文艺思想与甘肃当代文学研究”(YB127) 2016年度甘肃省高校科研项目“中国精神与甘肃新世纪文学创作研究”(2016A-064)
关键词 历史场域 出场路径 在场形态 在场性建构 historical field,path of presence form of presence presence construction
作者简介 王贵禄(1967),男,甘肃秦安人,天水师范学院教授,博士,主要从事延安文艺、西部文学及影视文化研究。
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