From the perspective of Marxist presentology of literature, what the Xiao Shou Sha demonstrates is the pres- ence, exiting and absence of all kinds of characters. Land reform is a basic historical field constructed by the work, which provides corresponding time and space for the activities of characters. As the core figure of the book, Ma Supu experi- enced two presences and one exiting, so analyzing the context, the path and the form of his presence and the reason of his exiting is undoubtedly an effective way of interpreting the work. Besides, the book focuses on shaping a range of female characters, which forms a compelling pedigree. Although these females have many shortcomings, they can go out from their family and make their own voice be heard in public domain. Meanwhile, with their own actions they confirm the pos- sibility of reconstructing the order of new village, which shows a huge difference from the females in old age. The work also describes the actions of the peasants who have been liberated and describes their absence in the new and old historical periods, and thus reflects the idea that the revolution will be a long journey.
Journal of Gansu Lianhe University：Social Sciences
historical field,path of presence
form of presence